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Royal: Typewriter Serial Number Age List

Also known as Singer

Serial Number Table Last Edited: 02/21/13 05:23
NOTE: dates shown are JAN 1 unless noted, so the serial number shown is the *first* serial number produced the given year. Exceptions are serial numbers preceded by "up to" or rows where a month is given in the month column. If the serial number is shown as a range (xxxx-xxxx) it indicates that we know the entire range of serial numbers for the given year.

Royal-Typewriter Co. Inc., New York, U.S.A. Company Founded 1904 18
Platen Diameter Standards & Electrics 1.485" (37.72mm) except Model Superia: 1.751" (44.5mm)
Portables:
Models O,OT,P,RA,AG,A,B,C,CG,RF,F,RC,E,ES,J,JC,BJ,CD,U,D,UR,UB: 1.272" (32.31mm)
Models Royalite & Dart: 1.259" (32mm)
Models Royaluxe 300,325,350,400,425,450, Diana: 1.271" (32.3mm)
24
Models and s/n Y M D Remarks Ref.
Standard Manual       Electrics (introduced 1950) serial numbers first run up to 16000, then in late 1951, begin running concurrent with Standard Manuals. Rebuilt Royals carry a "Y" prefix, with "SY" segment shift, "CSY" Chrome segment shift. Example: Y35-107833 is a 1935 rebuilt with Carriage Shift. 18
1 1906     Nos. 2, 3 and 4 had only larger carriages, than No. 1 18
1000 1907       18
4000 1908       18
14000 1909       18
35000 1910     Model No. 5 started, Nos. 6, 7, 8 had only larger carriages, than No. 5 17,18
58000 1911       17
85000 1912       17
142000 1913       17
175000 1914     Model No. 10 started - first serial: 173000, Double Glass Panels began at 212000 17,18
205000 1915       17
234000 1916       17
279000 1917     Variable Line Spacer began at 282000 17,18
336000 1918       17
394000 1919       17
478000 1920       17
567000 1921     "QX" Prefix, first serial: 600000 17,18
641000 1922       17
678000 1923       17
760000 1924       17
848000 1925       17
940000 1926       17
1036000 1927       17
1134000 1928       17
1236000 1929       17
1348000 1930       17
1435000 1931     First segment shift at 1466500 17,18
1525000 1932     "S" Model is prior to "H" model 17,18
1554000 1933       17
1617000 1934     "H" and "KH" in 1664000 to 1850000 ("K" means Keyset) 17,18
1723000 1935     "KHM" started at 1850000. Initals mean: K - Key Set, HM - H Model, DT - Keyset, KDTHM - H Model 5 key Keyset. 17,18
1847000 1936       17
2005000 1937       17
2178000 1938     "KHT" fall of 1938, "KHM" Magic Margin began at 2273522. (REMINGTON Examined #2250058 in Oct '38) 17,18
2320000 1939       17
2494000 1940       17
2681000 1941       17
2901000 1942       17
3026000 1943     Production Halted: World War II 17
3026000 1944     Production Halted: World War II 17
3037000 1945       17
3094000 1946       17
3273000 1947       17
3550000 1948       17
3865000 1949     Model "KMG" Announced 2/10/49, first grey model, began at 3850000 17,18
4100000 1950     Royal Electric introduced Jan 1950. Serial numbers of first electrics ran in a special series up to 16000 and then were sequenced to match regular Royal Standards in late 1951. 17,18
4360000 1951       17
4688000 1952     "HH" Model, standard 43-key keyboard began at 4850000. Announced around 8/1/52. (HHP is Pica, HHE is Elite) 17,18
4990000 1953       17
5248000 1954       17
5500000 1955       17
5787000 1956       17
6037000 1957       17
6393000 1958       17
6650000 1959       17
6950000 1960       17
7100000 1961       17
7300000 1962       17
7500000 1963       17
7775000 1964       20
8060000 1965       20
8290000 1966       20
8590000 1967       20
8870000 1968       20
9192000 1969       20
9432000 1970       20
9694000 1971       20
           
Electric       Royal Electric introduced Jan 1950. Serial numbers of first electrics ran in a special series up to 16000 and then were sequenced to match regular Royal Standards in late 1951. 18
           
Portables          
Royal Portable, Models: P, OT, O (no model name) - RA, AG, A (Quiet DeLuxe) - B (Aristocrat) - C, CG (Arrow) - RF, F (Companion) - RC (Keystone)
1 1926       17
6000 1927       17
56500 1928       17
114500 1929       17
183800 1930       17
260000 1931       17
308600 1932       17
324900 1933       17
354231 1934       17
409082 1935       17
493068 1936     Model "A", chrome-nickel, long row switch-lever starts with s/n 471000 17
602939 1937       17
724093 1938       17
807493 1939       17
926862 1940       17
995728 1941       17
1107503 1942       17
1152000 1943       17,22
production halted 1944       17
production halted 1945       17
1164182 1946       17
1275456 1947       17
1473968 1948       17
1741468 1949       17
1940834 1950       17
2137681 1951       17
2353369 1952       17
2563970 1953       17
2787735 1954       17
2977900 1955       17
3177500 1956       17
3449287 1957       17
3770781 1958       17
4053056 1959       17
           
Royal Portable, Models: E (Signet) - ES (Signet Junior) - J, JC, BJ (Junior) - CD (Companion) - U (Mercury) - D, UR, UB (Varsity)
1000 1932       17
21500 1933       17
24369 1934       17
33652 1935       17
45013 1936       17
52139 1937       17
66284 1938       17
85734 1939       17
112573 1940       17
162970 1941       17
232332 1942       17
           
Royalite and Royaluxe 400, 425 and 450          
35638 1955       6
3123513 1956       6
3384902 1957       6
3745091 1958       6
3970557 1959       6
4272034 1960       6
4544659 1961       6
4927715 1962       6
5292116 to 5733104 1963       6
57438 11 to 609523 8 1964       6
6098916 1965       6
6580453 to 6948198 1966       6
           
Royaluxe 300 and 325          
104311 1959       6
107687 to 122040 1960       6
           
Diana Portable          
13365 1953       6
22020 1954       6
32144 1955       6
37141 1956       6
43336 1957       6
64701 1958       6
81475 and over 1959       6
           
Safari          
5584967 1964       6
5958589 1965       6
6474796 to 7022435 1966       6

Royal: Links to Guides



Reference numbers

* Indicates source data the current list maintainer has access to. Usually it means we have a copy of the document in question, but it might be in the form of a later edition list. However, for the purposes of validation we have been able to confirm the source.

   
No. Literature
1 * Century of the Typewriter, Wilfred A. Beeching, publ. by the British Typewriter Museum, 1974, 1990, ISBN 0951679007
2 * Joan Sales,"Date your Underwood Typewriter" - Website : http://www.oocities.org/heartland/cottage/5405/serial.htm, reference to Richard Polt
(note: The source for this article was at least partially Ref. #18)
3 Allowance Sheet 1918, made available by Andrew B. Schrader
4 Ernst Martin, Die Schreibmaschine und ihre Entwicklungsgeschichte(The Typewriter and the history of it's developement), publ. by Johannes Meyer Verlag and Basten International, 1920 to 1949 and reprints
5 * Darryl Rehr, Antique typewriters, by Schroeder publishing, Los Angeles, 1997, ISBN 0891457577
see: http://home.earthlink.net/~dcrehr/book/book.html
6 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies contributed by Mr. Bruce Beard, Australia
(note: this reference same as #28)
7 * "Liste der Herstellungsdaten gangbarer Schreibmaschinen" Listing of the production dates of commen typewriters), publ. by Wochenschrift für Papier, Otto Hoffmann Verlag, 1941, Berlin, copies contributed by Mr. Paul Roberts, Netherlands
8 * Richard Polt, adapted from the book of Paul Lippman, American Typewriters: A Collector's Encyclopedia (1992) and corrected, based on a list publ. in ETCetera #4
see: http://www.aquaporin4.com/etcetera/ETC.04.pdf
9 "Fabriknummernverzeichnis" (Factory number Listing), booklet which could be purchased optionally with book reference No. 4, edition 1941, publ. by Johannes Meyer Verlag, Pappenheim 1941
10 "Fabrikationsdaten von Schreibmaschinen", listing of typewriter serial numbers for dealer's, 1942 and 1935, publ. by Carl Teege Verlag, Hamburg
11 Ames Supply General Catalog from 1949
12 Information contributed by Will Davis, see : http://www.hometown.aol.com/page3.html
13 * Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und auslaendischer Schreibmaschinen, 10 Auflage, 1955, publ. by Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg (small book, pre-owned by the Adler Werke vorm. Heinrich Kleyer, Frankfurt)
(note: this is an earlier edition of ref. #24)
14 Leonhard Dingwerth, Kleines Lexikon Historischer Schreibmaschinen (Small Lexicon of Historical Typewriters), publ. by Kunstgrafik Dingwerth, Eichendorffstr. 77, D-33415 Verl
15 * Office Typewriter Age List No. 26, publ. by Smith-Corona, by courtesy of Mr. Ron Fuller, Los Angeles, USA
(note: this reference same as #22)
16 * American Typewriters - A Collector's Encyclopedia by Paul Lippman, 1992, Hoboken
17 * National Office Machine Dealers Assoc. "Blue Book" (NOMDA), 1964, provided by Bill Wahl
18 * Remington Information Binder (The Sheridan Binder), 1950's to 1970's, provided by Richard Polt.
see: http://munk.org/typecast/2011/09/07/in-preparation-for-an-updated-typewriter-serial-number-database-royal-portables/
19 * Interview with P. Birchmeier, Aug. 2012, reported by Georg Sommeregger.
see: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/theportabletypewriterforum/message/31895
20 * National Office Machine Dealers Assoc. "Blue Book" (NOMDA), 1980, provided by Bill Wahl.
see: http://munk.org/typecast/2011/04/22/national-office-machine-dealer-association-1972-typewriter-age-guide/
21 * VOSS Schreibmaschinen, 2012, published by Georg Sommeregger. (HFW Schramm 11th ed. 1962)
see: http://typewriters.ch/collection/VOSS.html
22 * Smith-Corona Age List #26, 1960, provided by Bill M.
see: http://offountainpenstypewriters.blogspot.com/2012/02/typewriter-serial-numbers.html
and: http://offountainpenstypewriters.blogspot.com/2012/02/moretypewriter-serial-numbers.html
23 * Shipman-Ward Office Machine Dealer's Line Book, Jan 1, 1954, provided by Bill Wahl.
see: http://munk.org/typecast/2013/01/05/shipman-ward-dealers-line-book-1954%E2%80%93part-2-age-lists/
24 * H.F.W. Schramm, Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und ausländischer Schreibmaschinen, 11th edition, Hans Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg 1962 - provided by Georg Sommeregger
25 * P. Frensel, Die Entwicklung der ehemaligen DDR-Schreibmaschinen-Produktion (einschliesslich der bis 1945 produzierten Schreibmaschinen in diesem Gebiet sowie der Produktion ab 1990), in: Schreibmaschinen- und Bureau-Zeitung, Nr. 10/1999, Nr. 11/2000, Nr. 12/2000 (originally published in: Mannheimer Hefte für Schriftvergleich, Nr. 1-2/1999) - provided by Georg Sommeregger
"The development of the former GDR typewriter production (including typewriters produced on its territory until 1945 and production after 1990)"
26 * "The Writing Machine (A history of the typewriter)" Michael H. Adler
27 * "Antique Typewriters from Creed to QWERTY" Michael H. Adler
28 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. Dec 1973 by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies contributed by Mr. Peter Brill, Australia
(note: this reference same as #6)
29 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. Oct 1971 by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies: T. Munk with the assistance of Mr. Rob Bowker, UK
30 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. Oct 1980 by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies: T. Munk with the assistance of Mr. Rob Bowker, UK
31 * The Business Machines and Equipment Digest, publ. 1927 by Equipment-Research Corporation, copy contributed by Mark Adams.
see: http://type-writer.org/?p=2850
32 * R. Blickensderfer and P. Robert, "The Five-Pound Secretary. An Illustrated History of the Blickensderfer Typewriter", publ. 2003 by The Virtual Typewriter Museum, excerpt contributed by Georg Sommeregger.
33 * Matricolario Olivetti, copy contributed by Enrico Morozzi.
34 * Olivetti Graphika Serial Number List, compiled by Domenico Scarzello.
See: http://www.typewriterstory.com/index.php/ol-graphica
35 * Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und auslandischer Schreibmaschinen - 1950. By Carl Teege, Published by Hans Burghagen Verlag. From the collection of Ryk van Dijk, scanned by Marlies Louwes.
36 * Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und auslandischer Schreibmaschinen - 1953. Published by Hans Burghagen Verlag. From the collection of Ryk van Dijk, scanned by Marlies Louwes.
37 * National Typewriter and Office Machine Dealers Assoc. "Typewriter and Adding Machine Allowance Schedule" (NOMDA), February 1, 1941, provided by Richard Polt.
38 * Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict. Remington Standard typewriter. New York : Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict, [188-?], accessed from the Baker Library, Harvard Business School.
See: http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/view/2574435
39 * Documented Hammond Serial Numbers, V.4 Jan. 1, 2013, Compiled by Peter Weil.
40 * Blick Billheads With Serial Numbers, Compiled by Peter Weil.
41 * National Typewriter and Office Machine Dealer's Association (NOMDA) Typewriter and Adding Machine Allowance Schedule, February 1, 1941. From the Collection of Tony Casillo, contributed by Richard Polt.