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Hammond: Typewriter Serial Number Age List

Serial Number Table Last Edited: 07/6/14 12:00
NOTE: dates shown are JAN 1 unless noted, so the serial number shown is the *first* serial number produced the given year. Exceptions are serial numbers preceded by "up to" or rows where a month is given in the month column. If the serial number is shown as a range (xxxx-xxxx) it indicates that we know the entire range of serial numbers for the given year.

Hammond          
        Hammond Typewriter Co., 69. Street and East River,New York, U.S.A.  
        Since 1931: Vari-Typer Inc., 132. Street, New York, U.S.A.  
        Later: Ralph C. Coxhead Corp., 333. Avenue of the Americas, New York, U.S.A.  
           
Models and s/n Y M D Remarks Ref.
           
No. 1 Ideal          
  1880     Curved keyboard, entire wooden housing, two piece type-shuttle, central "turret" covered with olive celluloid sheet.
"While much of the design was settled as early as 1880, major problems in the manufacture and use of the original typewheel held up manufacturing and marketing. As I understand it, the problem was in the quality of the typeface material. At any rate, note the new # 1 acquired by Peirce in 1885. He was a major fan from the beginning of Hammonds and played a role from then into the 1890's in working with Hammond to get modifications made in the design, At one point, he asked them to develop a five-row type wheel. It is not known if it was ever made. There are no known advertisements for the Hammond before 1885, and those are late in the year. This was at a time of heavy Remington and Caligraph advertising. So, the 1880 date, commonly used by collectors and scholars until about 2000, is extremely unlikely to be even close to being a correct one." [Peter Weil, 2014]
5,7
  1884     Production likely began in mid to late 1884. 39
  1885     Ideal #1 Serial 85 39
  1887     Ideal #1 Serial 3149 39
  1887     Ad states over 4000 in use. 39
  1888     Ideal #1 Serial 5621 39
           
No. 1 Universal       Universal keyboard Hammond #1's were introduced in 1890, and have serial numbers running in the same sequence as other Hammond models. 39
  1888     No more wooden housing, straight row QUERTY-keyboard, two piece type-shuttle, central "turret" not covered 5,7
  1897     #1 Serial 4621 (suspected Remodel serial number) 39
           
No. 1 'A'       Ebony keys on a two-row keyboard that is "open", with the frame attached to a flat baseboard. Originally, it had the split type wheel, but by 1893-94 it had the one-piece shuttle [collectors designate this the 1'B'.] 39
  1898     #1A Serials 16285, 22226,23633 39
           
No. 1 'B' 1893-94     Ebony keys, curved keyboard, no more wooden housing, two piece type-shuttle, central "turret" covered with olive celluloid sheet 5
           
No. 2          
  1893     Small metal tab to lift type shuttle on the front of the "turret", Ideal and Universal keyboard, single piece and curved type-shuttle 4,5
  1895     Universal #2 Serial 26457 39
  1898     #1 Remodeled to #2 Ideal, Serial 3053R, 8983R 39
  1898     Ideal #2 Serials 34259,34265,34266 39
  1898     Universal #2 Serial 35841 39
  1908     #2 Serial 61277 39
           
No. 3          
        Based on No. 2 but with 11 1/3" carriage 5
           
No. 4          
        Based on No. 2, regular 8 1/2" carriage, 9 characters/inch 5
           
No. 5          
        Based on No. 2, Ideal keyboard only, triple shift, Greek language 4,5
           
No. 6          
        Based on No. 2 but with 16" carriage 5
           
No. 7          
        Based on No. 2 but with 20" carriage 5
           
No. 8          
  1900     Based on No. 2 but with 30" carriage 4,5
           
No. 12          
  1905     No metal tab on front of the "turret", but a curved bracket, that ties ribbon out of the sight after each keystroke 5
  1907     Universal #12 Serial 103615 39
           
Special Models          
  1905     3 instead of 2 shifts for double language typing and with high and low position of type shuttle for mathematical formulas 4
  1910     3 instead of 2 shifts for double language typing and with high and low position of type shuttle for mathematical formulas 4
           
Multiplex          
  1913     Two switchable type-shuttles with different typefaces to choose, appearance like No. 12 5
  1916     With metal cover 5
  1917     Multiplex Universal Serial 163881 39
  1922     Variable spacing 4
           
Multiplex Portable          
  1915     Introduced 1915, Aluminum frame. Other than the non-folding keyboard and the shape of the case, basically the same machine as the Model 26. [Peter Weil, 2014]  
  1919     Portable Multiplex Serial AL202867 39
           
Model 26 (Hammond Multiplex Folder)          
  1921-1928     Folding keyboard, a mathematical model available 4,13
           
Varityper          
over 300000 1927     Hammond Typewriter Co., from s/n 400000 electrical version 4,7
over 400000 1927     Electric movement 13
  1931     Vari-typer Inc. 4
  1933     typesetting offset device, later electrified 5
  1970     production ended 5


Reference numbers

* Indicates source data the current list maintainer has access to. Usually it means we have a copy of the document in question, but it might be in the form of a later edition list. However, for the purposes of validation we have been able to confirm the source.

   
No. Literature
1 * Century of the Typewriter, Wilfred A. Beeching, publ. by the British Typewriter Museum, 1974, 1990, ISBN 0951679007
2 * Joan Sales,"Date your Underwood Typewriter" - Website : http://www.oocities.org/heartland/cottage/5405/serial.htm, reference to Richard Polt
(note: The source for this article was at least partially Ref. #18)
3 Allowance Sheet 1918, made available by Andrew B. Schrader
4 Ernst Martin, Die Schreibmaschine und ihre Entwicklungsgeschichte(The Typewriter and the history of it's developement), publ. by Johannes Meyer Verlag and Basten International, 1920 to 1949 and reprints
5 * Darryl Rehr, Antique typewriters, by Schroeder publishing, Los Angeles, 1997, ISBN 0891457577
see: http://home.earthlink.net/~dcrehr/book/book.html
6 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies contributed by Mr. Bruce Beard, Australia
(note: this reference same as #28)
7 * "Liste der Herstellungsdaten gangbarer Schreibmaschinen" Listing of the production dates of commen typewriters), publ. by Wochenschrift für Papier, Otto Hoffmann Verlag, 1941, Berlin, copies contributed by Mr. Paul Roberts, Netherlands
8 * Richard Polt, adapted from the book of Paul Lippman, American Typewriters: A Collector's Encyclopedia (1992) and corrected, based on a list publ. in ETCetera #4
see: http://www.aquaporin4.com/etcetera/ETC.04.pdf
9 "Fabriknummernverzeichnis" (Factory number Listing), booklet which could be purchased optionally with book reference No. 4, edition 1941, publ. by Johannes Meyer Verlag, Pappenheim 1941
10 "Fabrikationsdaten von Schreibmaschinen", listing of typewriter serial numbers for dealer's, 1942 and 1935, publ. by Carl Teege Verlag, Hamburg
11 Ames Supply General Catalog from 1949
12 Information contributed by Will Davis, see : http://www.hometown.aol.com/page3.html
13 * Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und auslaendischer Schreibmaschinen, 10 Auflage, 1955, publ. by Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg (small book, pre-owned by the Adler Werke vorm. Heinrich Kleyer, Frankfurt)
(note: this is an earlier edition of ref. #24)
14 Leonhard Dingwerth, Kleines Lexikon Historischer Schreibmaschinen (Small Lexicon of Historical Typewriters), publ. by Kunstgrafik Dingwerth, Eichendorffstr. 77, D-33415 Verl
15 * Office Typewriter Age List No. 26, publ. by Smith-Corona, by courtesy of Mr. Ron Fuller, Los Angeles, USA
(note: this reference same as #22)
16 * American Typewriters - A Collector's Encyclopedia by Paul Lippman, 1992, Hoboken
17 * National Office Machine Dealers Assoc. "Blue Book" (NOMDA), 1964, provided by Bill Wahl
18 * Remington Information Binder (The Sheridan Binder), 1950's to 1970's, provided by Richard Polt.
see: http://munk.org/typecast/2011/09/07/in-preparation-for-an-updated-typewriter-serial-number-database-royal-portables/
19 * Interview with P. Birchmeier, Aug. 2012, reported by Georg Sommeregger.
see: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/theportabletypewriterforum/message/31895
20 * National Office Machine Dealers Assoc. "Blue Book" (NOMDA), 1980, provided by Bill Wahl.
see: http://munk.org/typecast/2011/04/22/national-office-machine-dealer-association-1972-typewriter-age-guide/
21 * VOSS Schreibmaschinen, 2012, published by Georg Sommeregger. (HFW Schramm 11th ed. 1962)
see: http://typewriters.ch/collection/VOSS.html
22 * Smith-Corona Age List #26, 1960, provided by Bill M.
see: http://offountainpenstypewriters.blogspot.com/2012/02/typewriter-serial-numbers.html
and: http://offountainpenstypewriters.blogspot.com/2012/02/moretypewriter-serial-numbers.html
23 * Shipman-Ward Office Machine Dealer's Line Book, Jan 1, 1954, provided by Bill Wahl.
see: http://munk.org/typecast/2013/01/05/shipman-ward-dealers-line-book-1954%E2%80%93part-2-age-lists/
24 * H.F.W. Schramm, Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und ausländischer Schreibmaschinen, 11th edition, Hans Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg 1962 - provided by Georg Sommeregger
25 * P. Frensel, Die Entwicklung der ehemaligen DDR-Schreibmaschinen-Produktion (einschliesslich der bis 1945 produzierten Schreibmaschinen in diesem Gebiet sowie der Produktion ab 1990), in: Schreibmaschinen- und Bureau-Zeitung, Nr. 10/1999, Nr. 11/2000, Nr. 12/2000 (originally published in: Mannheimer Hefte für Schriftvergleich, Nr. 1-2/1999) - provided by Georg Sommeregger
"The development of the former GDR typewriter production (including typewriters produced on its territory until 1945 and production after 1990)"
26 * "The Writing Machine (A history of the typewriter)" Michael H. Adler
27 * "Antique Typewriters from Creed to QWERTY" Michael H. Adler
28 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. Dec 1973 by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies contributed by Mr. Peter Brill, Australia
(note: this reference same as #6)
29 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. Oct 1971 by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies: T. Munk with the assistance of Mr. Rob Bowker, UK
30 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. Oct 1980 by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies: T. Munk with the assistance of Mr. Rob Bowker, UK
31 * The Business Machines and Equipment Digest, publ. 1927 by Equipment-Research Corporation, copy contributed by Mark Adams.
see: http://type-writer.org/?p=2850
32 * R. Blickensderfer and P. Robert, "The Five-Pound Secretary. An Illustrated History of the Blickensderfer Typewriter", publ. 2003 by The Virtual Typewriter Museum, excerpt contributed by Georg Sommeregger.
33 * Matricolario Olivetti, copy contributed by Enrico Morozzi.
34 * Olivetti Graphika Serial Number List, compiled by Domenico Scarzello.
See: http://www.typewriterstory.com/index.php/ol-graphica
35 * Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und auslandischer Schreibmaschinen - 1950. By Carl Teege, Published by Hans Burghagen Verlag. From the collection of Ryk van Dijk, scanned by Marlies Louwes.
36 * Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und auslandischer Schreibmaschinen - 1953. Published by Hans Burghagen Verlag. From the collection of Ryk van Dijk, scanned by Marlies Louwes.
37 * National Typewriter and Office Machine Dealer's Association (NOMDA) Typewriter and Adding Machine Allowance Schedule, February 1, 1941. From the Collection of Tony Casillo, contributed by Richard Polt.
38 * Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict. Remington Standard typewriter. New York : Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict, [188-?], accessed from the Baker Library, Harvard Business School.
See: http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/view/2574435
39 * Documented Hammond Serial Numbers, V.4 Jan. 1, 2013, Compiled by Peter Weil.
40 * Blick Billheads With Serial Numbers, Compiled by Peter Weil.
41 * Olympia, USA "Allowance Sheet T-58" (approx 1977). From the Collection of Tony Casillo, contributed by Richard Polt.
42 * IBM Typewriters Serial Numbers 1946 to 1977, Montreal Branch - IBM Canada Ltd. Contributed to Yahoo GolfBallTypewriterShop group by Jacques Coulombe.
43 * Xerox Factbook 1987
See: http://simson.net/ref/Xerox/
44 * IBM Selectric Adjustment & Parts Manual S241-5939-2
45 * Brother Service Update #31, June 20, 1985
See: http://munk.org/typecast/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/brother-datecodes-1.jpg
46 * Brother Letter #0203 (10/1979) "How to Determine In-Warranty Typewriters"
See: http://munk.org/typecast/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/brother-warranty-3.jpg
47 * Brother Service Manuals and Addendums 1974-1990 "The Edsel R. Sanders Collection"
See: http://munk.org/typecast/2014/05/06/a-brotherly-bonanza/
48 * National Typewriter and Office Machine Dealer's Association (NOMDA) Typewriter and Adding Machine Allowance Schedule, 1977. From the Collection of Tony Casillo, contributed by Richard Polt.