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Williams: Model Galleries

1 1 CURVED 2 3 Wide 4 6 Academy

Williams: Typewriter Serial Number Age List

Serial Number Table Last Edited: 07/28/16 01:51
NOTE: dates shown are JAN 1 unless noted, so the serial number shown is the *first* serial number produced the given year. Exceptions are serial numbers preceded by "up to"(where you can assume that the numbers reported in that subsection are DECEMBER 31, END OF YEAR NUMBERS) or rows where a month is given in the month column. If the serial number is shown as a range (xxxx-xxxx) it indicates that we know the entire range of serial numbers for the given year.

Models and s/n Y   Remarks Ref.
    Patents:
US442697 Filed Jul 3, 1889 • Issued Dec 16, 1890
US501753 Granted Jul 18, 1893
US523028 Filed Nov 20, 1890 • Issued Jul 17, 1894
US588522 Filed Jan 11, 1896 • Issued Aug 17, 1897
Inventor John Newton Williams of Maine initial patents granted 1875 (? can find no patent before 1889 for John N. Williams on this design), development completed in factory of Brady Manufacturing Co, Brooklyn, NY.
Additional patents granted 1890, and Williams #1 introduced 1891. Marketed first by The Domestic Sewing Machine Co. and later by Williams Typewriter Co., Derby, Conneticut.
Some aspects of the Williams are similar in design to the Fitch, which was also manufactured in the Brady factory.
The Williams was offered in Elite, Pica and Medium Roman Type and the type is inked by an ink pad. Serial number is stamped into front nameplate.
16,27,65
1-220 1891 Approximation.
Model No. 1 introduced: Curved keyboard, 3 row, 28 keys, 84 characters, paper feed roll behind the platen. These early models incorporate gold scrollwork on frame.
These are referred to by collectors as the "1c".
"Curved" No. 1 Serial Numbers known - Earliest: 1, Latest: 2087
4,5,16,77,81
221-880 1892   Approximation. 77
881-1540 1893   Approximation. 77
1541-2200 1894   Approximation. 77
2201-4300 1895 Approximation.
Straight keyboard version of No. 1 replaces curved version on January 1895 beginning with Serial #2200: 3 row, paper feed roll behind the platen. 7.75" platen, 28 keys.
Referred to by collectors as the "1s".
"Straight" No. 1 Serial Numbers known - Earliest: 2469, Latest: 5565
4,61,77,81
4301-6400 1896
Approximation.

Model No. 3 with wide carriage (paper up to 14" with 12" writing line) begins January 1896 - before the No. 2, with new serial number series.
Model No. 3 machines were first built on No.1 frames and then at some point after the No. 2 is introduced, the No. 3 starts being built on No. 2 frames. The No. 3 was also made concurrently with later 4-row models.
No. 3 Serial Numbers known - Earliest: 1499, Latest: 2087

Model No. 2 appears with slight changes late in 1896, beginning with serial #6200. Straight keyboard, 3 row, paper feed roll behind the platen. 7.75" platen, 28 keys.
Chrome nameplate in front of machine changed to not wrap over top, and frame and mechanical changes are made to typebar guide. No. 2 is often not marked with model number.
No. 2 Serial Numbers known - Earliest: 5283, Latest: 12218 (with outlier: 18148)
5,16,61,77,81
6401-8400 1897   Approximation. 77
8401-10400 1898   Approximation. 77
10401-12400 1899   Approximation. 77
12401-14400 1900
Approximation.
Model No. 4 introduced December 1900 with serial #14000: 4 key rows, 42 keys, 84 characters, paper feed roll in front of the platen. 8" writing line on 10 1/4" wide paper.
No. 4 Serial Numbers known - Earliest: 17114, Latest: 25995

The No. 4 is also known to have been modified into the 'Williams Telegraph Typewriter' 3-row model with only capital letters, numerals, punctuation marks and "necessary signs for commercial work". Single horizontal fan of typebars instead of dual horizontal fans. 21 keys, 41 characters.
"Telegraph Model" No. 4 Serial Numbers known - Earliest: ????, Latest: ????

4,16,77,78,81
14401-17900 1901   Approximation. 77
17901-21400 1902   Approximation. 77
21401-24900 1903   Approximation. 77
24901-28400 1904 Approximation.

Model No. 6 introduced March 1904: 4 key rows, 42 keys, 84 characters, paper feed roll in front of the platen. 8" writing line on 10 1/4" wide paper.
No. 6 Serial Numbers known - Earliest: 31250, Latest: 41180

Williams "Junior" (AKA "Englewood" and "Academy") begins, a Model No. 2 with paperfeed roll in front of the carriage, with 3 row keyboard.
Note: "Academy" examples appear to have serial numbers indicating a date much earlier than 1904, and sold as entry-level models.
(theory: these actually started in 1900 concurrent with the No. 4 - with enough serial numbers lined up in sequence a very odd pattern emerges...)
4,5,77,78,81
28401-31900 1905   Approximation.
Model No. 5 introduced, 4 key rows, 48 keys, paper feed roll in front of the platen. Incorporating an astonishing SIX more keys than the #4 and #6 models, the #5 was most likely an export model and may have been used for applications needing extra characters and "dead" keys.
*or* it may not exist at all. there seems to be no evidence other than Tertiary Sources for the existence of this model.
No. 5 Serial Numbers known - Earliest: ????, Latest: ???? (no examples known)
4,5,16,77
31901-35400 1906   Approximation. 77
35401-38900 1907   Approximation. 77
38901-42400 1908   Approximation. 77
42401-43400 1909   May 1909: production of all Williams machines ended as Company entered receivership and was taken over by W.S. Downs, a Derby banker, reorganized as Secor Typewriter Co. after a few years of litigation, patent and charter issues. 4,27,65,77
Secor Junior 1912   Re-introduced No. 2 sold by Secor Typewriter Co., for $50 with normal carriage or $70 with wide carriage (14" wide platen writing 12" line). 16,61
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