The following are known or suspected of having been repainted not as
their original models but as various Harry A. Smith models: Harris
Visible / Rex Visible, Victor, Emerson, Burnett, National portable.
[Harry A. Smith - No. 4, and complete Smith history @ Davis Typewriter Works]
Brand: Victor Also known as • Diktator • Harry A. Smith (Victor)
Serial Number Table Last Edited: 07/31/16 12:49
NOTE: dates shown are JAN 1 unless noted, so the serial number shown is the *first* serial number produced the given year. Exceptions are serial numbers preceded by "up to"(where you can assume that the numbers reported in that subsection are DECEMBER 31, END OF YEAR NUMBERS) or rows where a month is given in the month column. If the serial number is shown as a range (xxxx-xxxx) it indicates that we know the entire range of serial numbers for the given year.
|Models and s/n||Y||M||D||Remarks||Ref.|
Filed Mar 10, 1905 • Issued Jan 16, 1906
Filed Sep 25, 1907 • Issued Nov 2, 1909
Issued Nov 18, 1913
Filed Apr 8, 1914 • Issued Jan 26, 1915
Filed Mar 7, 1904 • Issued Jul 18, 1905
Filed Feb 4, 1904 • Issued Jan 30, 1906
Filed Oct 17, 1906 • Issued Aug 13, 1907
Filed Oct 31, 1906 • Issued Oct 1, 1907
Filed Jan 15, 1907 • Issued Oct 29, 1907
Filed Nov 16, 1906 • Issued Oct 20, 1914
Filed Jan 6, 1909 • Issued Oct 20, 1914
Filed Jul 9, 1904 • Issued Feb 3, 1914
In 1905, the Franklin Typewriter Company
began work on a $100 four bank frontstroke standard design
developed mostly by J.A. Hagerstrom with the assistance of George W. Campbell and
later contributions by William H. Hulse. This new design was intended to
replace the then-new but already outdated No.10 Franklin.
The new "Victor", which took its name from the predecessor to the Franklin, was manufactured and marketed by a newly formed company, Victor Typewriter Company, which was incorporated to absorb the interests of the Franklin corporation.
Production of Victor begins in former Franklin Typewriter Company factory at
812-814 Greenwich Street, New York City.
Victor No. 1 model advertised beginning May, 1907. "Diktator" model sold in Europe, has straight ribbon path.
Forked-end double mounted typebars, zig-zag ribbon feed, Wooden key levers. Decimal tabulator.
Victor No. 1 / May 1907 - December 1909 / serials 0 to ~3000 (3000 units)
|1908||Victor No. 1 model advertised.||50,87|
|No. 2||1909||Victor No. 1 model advertised. Wide-carriage option introduced.
Victor No. 2 model introduced December 1909. Zig-zag ribbon feed, ribbon color selector, backspacer, new carriage rail and bearings and escapement, variable line spacing, improved paper finger design, and adjustable key lever tensioner. Metal key levers began.
Victor No. 2 / December 1909 - March 1912 / serials 3000 to 7500 (4500 units)
|1910||Victor No. 2 model advertised.
Victor Typewriter Company wins contract for 7,500 typewriters to be provided to International Correspondence Schools of Scranton, Pennsylvania in January, 1910.
|1911||Victor No. 2 model advertised.||50,87|
|No. 3||1912||Victor No. 2 model advertised.
Victor No. 3 model introduced March, 1912. Zig-zag ribbon feed, similar in design to No. 2. Platen length: 9.25", 42 keys and 8-key decimal tabulator. Sold for $100. First patent: December 5, 1891 • last patent: November 3, 1909.
Sept. 1912: Robert J. Edwards sells Victor Typewriter Company to ICS affiliate International Textbook Company including all patents, tools, facilities and good will.
Victor No. 3 / March 1912 - December 1919 / serials 8000 to 25000 (17000 units)
|1913||Victor No. 3 advertised.||50,87|
|1914||Victor No. 3 advertised.||50,87|
|1915||Victor No. 3 advertised.
May 1915: Int'l Textbook begins looking for a buyer for Victor. Many proposals are entertained, but all fall through.
|1916||Victor No. 3 advertised.
In 1916, Victor decides to sell some of its sales offices in smaller business areas and hand over the dealership rights to typewriter businesses already established in those locations.
In England, Salter Typewriter Co. arranged to sell the Victor typewriter through its dealer network.
The Boston Board of Education, after considering various models for two years, order 1,000 Victor typewriters.
|1917||Victor No. 3 advertised.
Victor operations relocated to Scranton, PA. on May, 1917.
September 1917: Victor sets up Victor Typewriter Sales & Supply Co. to handle its rebuilt and/or traded in machines. This company was also located in Scranton, Pa.
May to December 1917: International Textbook and ICS reports loss of over 12,000 correspondence students as a result of the War.
|1918||Victor No. 3 advertised.||50,87|
|1919||Victor No. 3 advertised.
Victor No. 10 model announced November, 1919.
|No. 10||1920||Victor No. 10 appears January 1, 1920. Price is $110.
All known Victor 10's have serial numbers in a new 50,000 block.
"Normalized" design changes: Conventional straight ribbon feed, spools on top. Re-oriented type basket, carriage assembly brought up and forward. Decimal tabulator and ribbon selector quadrant retained. Patented: September 9, 1919. 42 keys. Platen width: 10 1/2" (labelled on right front frame and often erroneously thought to be the model number).
Victor No. 10 / December 1919 - ? 1924 / serials 50000 to 55000+ (about 5300 units)
Sale of Victor Typewriter Company from ITC to Everly M. Davis is prepared by the end of 1920.
|1921||Victor No. 10 advertised.
February 1921: Sale finalized.
|1922||Victor No. 10 advertised heavily in Typewriter Topics through December 1922
(half-page ad for No. 10 in all 12 issues, Jan through Dec).
Topics also reports a visit to the offices by Victor President Mayne R. Denman in February,
banner sales for Victor in June (greater than any month for a year and a half, with sales 25% greater than shipments)
and yet another visit from Denman in October where he states that he has "nothing to complain of".
This is probably hyperbole, as it is not long before Victor is in hock to ITC. By 1924 it is in debt to the tune of $586,000 to its former owners.
|1923||Victor No. 10 advertised.
|1924||Victor No. 10 advertised.
March 1924: Ownership of Victor Typewriter Company passes back to International Textbook.
|1925||References to Victor Typewriter can still be found in 1925 publications, but none have been found in 1926.
Nobody seems to know when the Victor crashed and burned. I'd love to get ahold of Typewriter Topics issues from 1923 through, (well, actually all of them) say 1925. I think they would tell the story of the end of Victor and what happened when.
|Victor Portable / Harry A. Smith||1926-1928||Victor sells right to manufacture and market typewriters under the name "Victor" to
Victor Adding Machine Co. which briefly produced the
Victor Portable for a few months
between April, 1927 and early 1928. This design is mechanically unrelated to the Victor Typewriter design.
Victor machines were rebuilt and relabeled by Harry A. Smith, and can be found with his brand and model numbers 2,4 and 6 (rebuilt Victor No. 2) and 9 and 12 (rebuilt Victor No. 3)