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Weltblick Typewriter Brand Notes

Weltblick typewriter serial number age list, Weltblick typewriter model list Weltblick information

Weltblick Typewriter Serial Numbers

Brand: Blickensderfer Also known as Blick-BarDactyleHarry A. Smith (Blick-Bar)MoyerWeltblickWorld-Blick

Serial Number Table Last Edited: 01/10/18 04:10
NOTE: dates shown are JAN 1 unless noted, so the serial number shown is the *first* serial number produced the given year. Exceptions are serial numbers preceded by "up to"(where you can assume that the numbers reported in that subsection are DECEMBER 31, END OF YEAR NUMBERS) or rows where a month is given in the month column. If the serial number is shown as a range (xxxx-xxxx) it indicates that we know the entire range of serial numbers for the given year.

Models and s/n Y M D Remarks Ref.
Platen Diameter       No Info 24
        Blickensderfer Mfg. Co., Stamford, Conn., U.S.A.
(1892) Blickensderfer Mfg. Co., 385 Broadway, New York, U.S.A.
 

Manual Portables

NOTE: Serial numbers listed here are for END OF YEAR, and are the *last* serial number made for that year.  
  1892 DEC 31 Blickensderfer #1, #3 and #5 reviewed in "Frank Harrison's Shorthand Monthly" December 1892. 32,138
No. 1 1893 Blickensderfer No. 1 reviewed in publication, but no examples known to survive.
$100 machine with features: Writing in plain sight at all times; automatic word spacer; automatic line spacer; automatic tabulating attachement; automatically-returning carriage; rapid ruling and underlining attachment in colors (black and red); graduated line spacer; interchangeable rollers for any width of paper; new cam-lever movement which gives a delicate, elastic and easy action.
138
No. 3 1893 Blickensderfer No. 3 reviewed in publication, but no examples known to survive.
Weighs eight pounds and sells for $65. No auto carriage return or ruling device.
78,138
500 1893 DEC 31 Blickensderfer exhibits at World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893. 32,138
5300 1894 DEC 31   32
No. 5 1894 Blick #5 production for market began early 1894, according to Bert Kerschbaumer's early Blick letterhead [published in ETC 95]. This and other ephemera suggest that Robert Blickesderfer's numbers used here may not be accurate until about the middle of 1897. [Peter Weil,2014]
Sold as "Dactyle" No. 2 in France
 
9600 1895 DEC 31   32
  1896 NOV 19 Blickensderfer #5 serial 10194 40
10500 1896 DEC 31   32
  1897 JAN 09 Blickensderfer #5 serial 11250 137
  1897 FEB 04 Blickensderfer #5 serial 14053 40,137
16000(?) 1897 DEC 31   32
No. 7 1897 Blick Model #7 Started 1897, fixed base, upper scale was printed on celluloid, optional tabulator, shiny nickel plated space bar. Early models have special button to see where the last letter was printed, and offered "automatic spacing" as a feature unless the customer did not want it. On these, if the typist came to the end of a word and then pushed both the first letter and the space bar at the same time, the carriage moved to print that first letter directly. This required an extra pawl on the escapement.
Also sold as "Dactyle" No. 3 in France
4,13,24, 78,137
  1898 DEC 05 Blickensderfer #5 serial 14659 40,137
  1898 DEC 01 Blickensderfer #5 serial 35069-1327 40
  1898 NOV 22 Blickensderfer #5 serial 35221 40
36500 1898 DEC 31   32
45000 1899 DEC 31   32
  1899-1900 No. 7 update first with larger return lever and later, a larger space bar covered in black celluloid, upper scale engraved on a nickel-plated rule. 137
  1900 NOV 11 Blickensderfer #7 serial 23818 40
54000 1900 DEC 31   32
  1901 SEP 30 Blickensderfer #7 serial 61350 40
63800 1901 DEC 31   32
  1902 MAR 03 Blickensderfer #7 serial 66259 (9661/66259) 40
  1902 DEC 19 Blickensderfer #7 serial 70930 40
73700 1902 DEC 31   32
84500 1903 DEC 31   32
94500 1904 DEC 31   32
  1905     Improved model (paper feeding etc.)  
104400 1905 DEC 31   32
114000 1906 DEC 31   32
No. 8 1907 Started 1907, with tabulator and backspace key, stronger frame.
"Orient" Model, with Hebrew and Hebrew-Latin typewheel, carriage movement from left to right and optional left-right and right-left (for Hebrew-Latin)
4
123500 1907 DEC 31   32
132500 1908 DEC 31   32
No. 5 Aluminium 1909     Model No. 5 Aluminium introduced in 1909. Very few were made, and frame is usually not painted, but painted examples are known. This model lacked the improvements of the No. 6 and No. 7 such as the carriage riding on roller bearings, and sport a normal No. 5 nameplate. 137
141400 1909 DEC 31   32
No. 6 Aluminium & Featherweight 1910 Introduced 1910 in the UK as the "Blick # 6 Featherweight." Then in the UK, they dropped the "No. 6" Then, soon after the last version came out around 1911 or so, at about serial number 175000 ca. 1913-14, the inker arm was changed (became a folding inker arm) and the name "Blick Featherweight" was used on both the U.S. and UK versions. In essence, "No. 6" was eliminated as a model name. Moreover, at about serial number 160000, when "Featherwight" was only on the UK version, only on the UK Featherweights, a back spacer was added. Later, After all typewriters of that form were Featherweights, with back spacer.
Production of No. 6 ended in 1916 after around 2500 units (peaking in 1911).
Production of the "Featherweight" peaked in 1914.
137
150000 1910 DEC 31   32
158000 1911 DEC 31   32
165600 1912 DEC 31   32
  1913 MAR 15 Blickensderfer #7 serial 166023 40
172800 1913 DEC 31   32
No. 9 1914   24
  1914 OCT 31 Blickensderfer #7 serial 177486 40
179400 1914 DEC 31   32
185000 1915 DEC 31   32
Blick Bar 1916 The 4-bank "Blick Bar", originally designed in 1913 but blocked from production by Blickensderfer directors, is briefly put into production in March of 1916. Production lasted around 1 year before the new Blick Co. sold the rights to the new 4-bank to Harry A. Smith in 1917, who produced the model until 1921.
It is not at all clear where the Blick Bar was produced, but probably in the same factory as the Moyer (in Syracuse, NY?), not at the Blickensderfer plant in Stamford.
4,32,137, 139
190000 1916 DEC 31   32
-- 1917        
-- 1918       32
198100 1919 DEC 31   32
Blick 90/Roberts Ninety 1919 Built in the Blickensderfer factory, 90 characters machine, (30, with double shift), exchangeable typelevers for different character sets.
The Blick/Roberts 90 has a distinct serial number series from other Blick models. Blick 90 was also sold in Europe as the "Gloria". Slighty more than 20 are known to survive, serials ranging from 141 to 1143 with occasional letter prefix.
4,13,24, 136,137
  1920    
  1921    
  1922 Fabrication of Roberts Ninety begins, after Roberts Typewriter Company (L.R. Roberts) purchases rights in 1919 Typewriter Co. 4
  1923    
  1924 Production of Roberts Ninety model ended. 4
  1925        
  1926     In 1926, the tools and dies for the Blickensdefer were sold to Remington (one report, however, dates the sale to 1927; see The Ithaca Journal, Ithaca, New York, June 24, 1927). 136
Rem-Blick
Kx7xxxx
1927 Started Dec, 1927. Clone of Blickensderfer #5 after Remington bought Blickensderfer tooling from Roberts Typewriter Company in 1926.
First letter of serial number indicates Model (Blick = "K")
Second letter indicates Month: Jan=P, Feb=M, Mar=L, Apr=K, May=X, June=S, Jul=V, Aug=E, Sep=D, Oct=C, Nov=Z, Dec=A
First number in serial indicates year number: KP8 = Jan, 1928
63
Kx8xxxx 1928        
Kx9xxxx 1929     In the spring of 1929, Rem-Blick was offered in Sears Catalog at $24.95, but by the fall of that year, the price was two dollars less. 136
The Blick 1930 In 1930, Sears reduced the price of the machine by a few more dollars and truncated the name to The Blick. At this point, the "Rem-Blick" appears to have been remaindered to department stores as a toy typewriter, and is now advertised as "printing from a ribbon" (same as The Postal). Price advertised as $14.95 at Marley & Carew Gift Bazaar in Cincinnati., in the Cincinnati Enquirer (Cincinnati, Ohio), December 14, 1930.
That same year, Sears offered the Porto-Rite, another Remington machine that employed the design of the Remington Portable No. 2. Remington introduced the No. 3 in 1928, thus freeing the design of its predecessor for the budget market.
136
  1931        
  1932     Rem-Blick still offered for sale in 1932, for $10.98 at Stix, Baer & Fuller. From the St. Louis Star and Times, St. Louis, Missouri, November 25, 1932. 136
  1933     Rem-Blick still sold at $10.88 at the May Company. From the Baltimore Sun, Baltimore, Maryland, September 10, 1933. 136
  1934     Rem-Blick offered at Scruggs, Vandervoort, Barney toy shop for $5.98 in 1934. From the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, St. Louis, Missouri, March 26, 1934. 136
           
World-Blick/Weltblick          
        There are four similar stripped-down versions of the # 5: The Home Blick (USA and UK), the Service Blick (UK), the Blick Visible (USA), and the World Blick/ Weltblick (Germany). The World Blick also was marketed in Austria and on the Czech area by a Czech dealer as the "Svetovid".
The Home Blick in the UK was always sold with the wood case. The leather case was extra, but not the wooden one. In the U.S., no mention is made of the case in the advertising. In the U.S. in 1914, the Home Blick sold for $27.50. That is a discount from the $35 price for the #5, for which the production ended in 1913.
137
           

Electric

Blick Electric/Dactyle Electrique
  1902-1914 At least three different models in sequence; some argue for 4 models; they all appear to use direct current (DC Power). This might have been intended to aid sales in a big city like NYC and in areas that needed batteries for regular electricity.
The Dactyle version was discussed in a 1905 article, but none are known to have survived. There is no documentation of how many were made. However, Western Union ordered enough to place one in all their trunk-line offices; that alone would have accounted for at least several hundred.
137
           



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Reference numbers

* Indicates source data the current list maintainer has access to. Usually it means we have a copy of the document in question, but it might be in the form of a later edition list. However, for the purposes of validation we have been able to confirm the source.

   
No. Literature
1 * Century of the Typewriter, Wilfred A. Beeching, publ. by the British Typewriter Museum, 1974, 1990, ISBN 0951679007
2 * Joan Sales,"Date your Underwood Typewriter" - Website : http://www.oocities.org/heartland/cottage/5405/serial.htm, reference to Richard Polt
(note: The source for this article was at least partially Ref. #18)
3 Allowance Sheet 1918, made available by Andrew B. Schrader
4 Ernst Martin, Die Schreibmaschine und ihre Entwicklungsgeschichte(The Typewriter and the history of it's developement), publ. by Johannes Meyer Verlag and Basten International, 1920 to 1949 and reprints
5 * Darryl Rehr, Antique typewriters, by Schroeder publishing, Los Angeles, 1997, ISBN 0891457577
see: http://home.earthlink.net/~dcrehr/book/book.html
6 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies contributed by Mr. Bruce Beard, Australia
(note: this reference same as #28)
7 * "Liste der Herstellungsdaten gangbarer Schreibmaschinen" Listing of the production dates of commen typewriters), publ. by Wochenschrift für Papier, Otto Hoffmann Verlag, 1941, Berlin, copies contributed by Mr. Paul Roberts, Netherlands. Current copy from the collection of Ryk van Dijk, scanned by Marlies Louwes.
8 * Richard Polt, adapted from the book of Paul Lippman, American Typewriters: A Collector's Encyclopedia (1992) and corrected, based on a list publ. in ETCetera #4
see: http://www.aquaporin4.com/etcetera/ETC.04.pdf
9 "Fabriknummernverzeichnis" (Factory number Listing), booklet which could be purchased optionally with book reference No. 4, edition 1941, publ. by Johannes Meyer Verlag, Pappenheim 1941
10 "Fabrikationsdaten von Schreibmaschinen", listing of typewriter serial numbers for dealer's, 1942 and 1935, publ. by Carl Teege Verlag, Hamburg
11 Ames Supply General Catalog from 1949
12 Information contributed by Will Davis, see : http://www.hometown.aol.com/page3.html
13 Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und auslaendischer Schreibmaschinen, 10 Auflage, 1955, publ. by Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg (small book, pre-owned by the Adler Werke vorm. Heinrich Kleyer, Frankfurt)
14 Leonhard Dingwerth, Kleines Lexikon Historischer Schreibmaschinen (Small Lexicon of Historical Typewriters), publ. by Kunstgrafik Dingwerth, Eichendorffstr. 77, D-33415 Verl
15 * Office Typewriter Age List No. 26, publ. by Smith-Corona, by courtesy of Mr. Ron Fuller, Los Angeles, USA
(note: this reference same as #22)
16 * American Typewriters - A Collector's Encyclopedia by Paul Lippman, 1992, Hoboken
17 * National Office Machine Dealers Assoc. "Blue Book" (NOMDA), 1964, provided by Bill Wahl
18 * Remington Information Binder (The Sheridan Binder), 1950's to 1970's, provided by Richard Polt.
see: http://munk.org/typecast/2011/09/07/in-preparation-for-an-updated-typewriter-serial-number-database-royal-portables/
19 * Interview with P. Birchmeier, Aug. 2012, reported by Georg Sommeregger.
see: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/theportabletypewriterforum/message/31895
20 * National Office Machine Dealers Assoc. "Blue Book" (NOMDA), 1980, provided by Bill Wahl.
see: http://munk.org/typecast/2011/04/22/national-office-machine-dealer-association-1972-typewriter-age-guide/
21 * VOSS Schreibmaschinen, 2012, published by Georg Sommeregger. (HFW Schramm 11th ed. 1962)
see: http://typewriters.ch/collection/VOSS.html
22 * Smith-Corona Age List #26, 1960, provided by Bill M.
see: http://offountainpenstypewriters.blogspot.com/2012/02/typewriter-serial-numbers.html
and: http://offountainpenstypewriters.blogspot.com/2012/02/moretypewriter-serial-numbers.html
23 * Shipman-Ward Office Machine Dealer's Line Book, Jan 1, 1954, provided by Bill Wahl.
see: http://munk.org/typecast/2013/01/05/shipman-ward-dealers-line-book-1954%E2%80%93part-2-age-lists/
24 * H.F.W. Schramm, Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und ausländischer Schreibmaschinen, 11th edition, Hans Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg 1962 - copy provided by Georg Sommeregger. Additional copy from the collection of Ryk van Dijk, scanned by Marlies Louwes.
25 * P. Frensel, Die Entwicklung der ehemaligen DDR-Schreibmaschinen-Produktion (einschliesslich der bis 1945 produzierten Schreibmaschinen in diesem Gebiet sowie der Produktion ab 1990), in: Schreibmaschinen- und Bureau-Zeitung, Nr. 10/1999, Nr. 11/2000, Nr. 12/2000 (originally published in: Mannheimer Hefte für Schriftvergleich, Nr. 1-2/1999) - provided by Georg Sommeregger
"The development of the former GDR typewriter production (including typewriters produced on its territory until 1945 and production after 1990)"
26 * "The Writing Machine (A history of the typewriter)" Michael H. Adler
27 * "Antique Typewriters from Creed to QWERTY" Michael H. Adler
28 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. Dec 1973 by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies contributed by Mr. Peter Brill, Australia
(note: this reference same as #6)
29 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. Oct 1971 by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies: T. Munk with the assistance of Mr. Rob Bowker, UK
30 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. Oct 1980 by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies: T. Munk with the assistance of Mr. Rob Bowker, UK
31 * The Business Machines and Equipment Digest, publ. 1927 by Equipment-Research Corporation, copy contributed by Mark Adams.
see: http://type-writer.org/?p=2850
32 * R. Blickensderfer and P. Robert, "The Five-Pound Secretary. An Illustrated History of the Blickensderfer Typewriter", publ. 2003 by The Virtual Typewriter Museum, excerpt contributed by Georg Sommeregger.
33 * Matricolario Olivetti, copy contributed by Enrico Morozzi.
34 * Olivetti Graphika Serial Number List, compiled by Domenico Scarzello.
See: http://www.typewriterstory.com/index.php/ol-graphica
35 * Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und auslandischer Schreibmaschinen - 1950. By Carl Teege, Published by Hans Burghagen Verlag. From the collection of Ryk van Dijk, scanned by Marlies Louwes.
36 * Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und auslandischer Schreibmaschinen - 1953. Published by Hans Burghagen Verlag. From the collection of Ryk van Dijk, scanned by Marlies Louwes.
37 * National Typewriter and Office Machine Dealer's Association (NOMDA) Typewriter and Adding Machine Allowance Schedule, February 1, 1941. From the Collection of Tony Casillo, contributed by Richard Polt.
38 * Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict. Remington Standard typewriter. New York : Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict, [188-?], accessed from the Baker Library, Harvard Business School.
See: http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/view/2574435
39 * Documented Hammond Serial Numbers, V.4 Jan. 1, 2013 through V.7 Jul 20, 2017, Compiled by Peter Weil.
40 * Blick Billheads With Serial Numbers, Compiled by Peter Weil.
41 * Olympia, USA "Allowance Sheet T-58" (approx 1977). From the Collection of Tony Casillo, contributed by Richard Polt.
42 * IBM Typewriters Serial Numbers 1946 to 1977, Montreal Branch - IBM Canada Ltd. Contributed to Yahoo GolfBallTypewriterShop group by Jacques Coulombe.
43 * Xerox Factbook 1987
See: http://simson.net/ref/Xerox/
44 * IBM Selectric Adjustment & Parts Manual S241-5939-2
45 * Brother Service Update #31, June 20, 1985
See: http://munk.org/typecast/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/brother-datecodes-1.jpg
46 * Brother Letter #0203 (10/1979) "How to Determine In-Warranty Typewriters"
See: http://munk.org/typecast/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/brother-warranty-3.jpg
47 * Brother Service Manuals and Addendums 1974-1990 "The Edsel R. Sanders Collection"
See: http://munk.org/typecast/2014/05/06/a-brotherly-bonanza/
48 * National Typewriter and Office Machine Dealer's Association (NOMDA) Typewriter and Adding Machine Allowance Schedule, 1977. From the Collection of Tony Casillo, contributed by Richard Polt.
49 * Brother Group Corporate Profile, 2014
See: http://download.brother.com/pub/com/en/corporate/pdf/2014/broa4_3334_en.pdf
50 * Victor Standard Typewriters, By Will Davis
See: http://web.archive.org/web/20090830084402/http:/geocities.com/wbd641/Victor.html
51 * Die historische Entwicklung des Bet riebes Optima Erfurt (2008), by Eberhard Lippmann. Contributed by Vilhelm Dromberg
52 * Corona: The Personal Writing Machine, by S. L. Johnson
See: http://www.sljohnson.net/typewriter/corona.html
53 * Standard Folding Typewriter by Richard Milton
See: http://www.portabletypewriters.co.uk/portable_typewriters_standard_folding.htm
54 * Collect Folding Coronas, by Paul Lippman
See: http://etconline.org/backissues/ETC004.pdf?page=4
55 * Smith-Corona Parts and Service Manuals (1947-1999) lent by Bill Wahl
56 * Europe - Oliver - SIM - MAS small typewriters, by Georg Sommeregger.
See: http://www.typewriters.ch/collection/OLIVER_SIM_MAS.html
57 * The Montana line of Hermes clones, by Mark Adams.
See: http://type-writer.org/?p=3598
58 * The Hermes Baby page!, by Georg Sommeregger.
See: http://www.typewriters.ch/collection/hermes_baby.html
59 * American Digest of Business Machines, 1924. Contributed by Richard Polt.
See: http://site.xavier.edu/polt/typewriters/ADBM1924.pdf
60 * "MTE-INV" Mesa Typewriter Exchange Stock Inventory Records 1950 to 1987. Contributed by Bill Wahl.
61 * "Mechanical Typewriters - Their History, Value, and Legacy" by Thomas A. Russo.
62 * "The IBM Model B typewriter" by IBM.
See: https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/modelb/modelb_intro.html
63 * "Remington Portables" by Richard Polt.
See: http://site.xavier.edu/polt/typewriters/rem-portables.htm
64 * "Moskva and Janalif Research" by Alex Sandler. (plus updates)
See: https://goo.gl/I5X12b, https://goo.gl/z0tSOq, https://goo.gl/4iq9Tz http://odtype.blogspot.com/2016/10/moskva-3-and-4-age-lists-as-of-ix2016.html, http://odtype.blogspot.com/2017/02/moskva-5-6-and-7-age-lists.html
65 * "Collector's Guide to Antique Typewriters" Dan Post, Post-Era Books, 1981.
66 * "The Unknown Writing Machine" Don Sutherland in The Antique Trader, 1978.
67 * "Don't Mind My Insanity: Updated Fox Serial Numbers" by Tyler Anderson.
See: https://wordsarewinged.blogspot.com/2016/06/dont-mind-my-insanity-updated-fox.html
68 * "A Very Good Year for Adler Favorit 2's" by Robert Godlieb.
See: http://badonoer.blogspot.com/2016/01/a-very-good-year-for-adler-favorit-2s.html
69 * "FBI Forgery by Typewriter: Re-Examining the Alger Hiss Case - How Did His 1927 Woodstock Become a 1929 Model?" by Robert Messenger.
See: http://oztypewriter.blogspot.com/2016/01/fbi-forgery-by-typewriter-re-examining.html
70 * "The Littlest Typewriters: Bennett's Bantamweights" by Robert Messenger.
See: http://oztypewriter.blogspot.co.uk/2012/02/littlest-typewriters-bennetts.html
71 * "Re: [TYPEWRITERS] Bennett Typewriter on Yahoo Typewriter Forum" by Thomas Furtig.
72 * "Sabb Schreibmaschine" by Georg Sommeregger.
See: http://www.typewriters.ch/blog/2016/06/sabb-schreibmaschine/
73 * "Discovering the Studio Musicwriter" by Theodore Munk.
See: Etcetera #109 (link when available)
74 * "The Story of the Typewriter 1873-1923" Herkimer County Historical Society, 1923.
75 * "The Early History of the Typewriter" by Chas. E Weller (1918).
76 * "Old Typewriters" by Duncan James (Shire, 1993).
77 * "Williams Typewriter Research" by Tyler Anderson, 2016.
78 * "The History of the Typewriter" by Geo. Charles Mares (Gilbert Pitman, London, 1909).
79 * "Emerson Typewriter Research" by Tyler Anderson & Peter Weil, 2016.
80 * "The Emerson: The Enigma of Typewriters" by Robert Messenger.
See: http://oztypewriter.blogspot.com/2013/07/the-emerson-enigma-of-typewriters.html
81 * "A History of the Three-Row 'WILLIAMS' Typewriters" by Richard E. Dickerson in Historische Bürowelt No. 21 April 1988, and No. 22 July 1988.
82 * "Typewriter Topics: Vol. 50-52 1922" by The International Office Equipment Magazine.
83 * "Typewriter Topics: Vol. 6-7 1907" by The International Office Equipment Magazine.
84 * "Typewriter Topics: Vol. 38-40 1918" by The International Office Equipment Magazine.
85 * "Typewriter Topics: Vol. 41 1919" by The International Office Equipment Magazine.
86 * "Typewriter Topics: Vol. 29-32 1915" by The International Office Equipment Magazine.
87 * "The Victor Standard Typewriter" by Will Davis.
See: http://davistypewriters.blogspot.com/2015/05/the-victor-standard-typewriter.html
88 * "On This Day in Typewriter History: Trying to Unravel the Victor Mystery" by Robert Messenger.
See: http://oztypewriter.blogspot.com/2012/11/on-this-day-in-typewriter-history_6.html
89 * "The Franklin Typewriters" by Richard E. Dickerson in ETCetera #1 October, 1987.
See: http://etconline.org/backissues/ETC001.pdf
90 * "On This Day in Typewriter History (CVI)" by Robert Messenger.
See: http://oztypewriter.blogspot.com/2011/09/on-this-day-in-typewriter-history-cvi.html
91 * "the Garbell Portable Typewriter" by The Garbell family.
See: http://www.garbell.com/GarbellTypewriter.html
92 * "Garbell Typewriter" by Greg Fudacz.
See: http://www.antikeychop.com/#!garbell-typewriter/us0eg
93 * "Fox Visible Typewriters - An Overview " by Will Davis.
See: http://davistypewriters.blogspot.com/2015/08/fox-visible-typewriters-overview.html
94 * "Fox Portable Typewriters and the Demise of Fox Typewriter Company " by Will Davis.
See: http://davistypewriters.blogspot.com/2015/08/fox-portable-typewriters-and-demise-of.html
95 * "The American Stationer" 1906.
96 * "The American Stationer" 1907.
97 * "Franklin Typewriter Ephemera" collected by Peter Weil, 2016.
98 * "A Bennington Letter" collected by Martin Howard.
See: http://etconline.org/backissues/ETC082.pdf
99 * "Filing & Office Management Magazine" Volume 6, 1921.
100 * "Filing & Office Management Magazine" Volume 7-8, 1922.
101 * "Typewriter Topics: Vol. 35-37 1917" by The International Office Equipment Magazine.
102 * "Typewriter Topics: Vol. 44-46 1920" by The International Office Equipment Magazine.
103 * "On This Day in Typewriter History: Unearthing the Molle" by Robert Messenger.
See: http://oztypewriter.blogspot.com/2013/01/on-this-day-in-typewriter-history_9569.html
104 * "It's pronounced 'Mollie'" by Mark Adams.
See: http://type-writer.org/?p=4230
105 * "The Iron Age, Volume 79 - 1907".
106 * "Office Appliances Volume 36 - July 1922".
107 * "Office Appliances Volume 34 - July 1921".
108 * "The American Pocket Typewriter and Wellington Parker Kidder's Rochester" by Robert Messenger.
See: http://oztypewriter.blogspot.com/2014/07/the-american-pocket-typewriter-and.html
109 * "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Details - The early days of the Noiseless Typewriter" by Ed Neuert.
See: http://etconline.org/backissues/ETC081.pdf
110 * "The Merritt" by Will Davis.
See: http://davistypewriters.blogspot.com/2016/09/merritt.html
111 * "Yatran The Heaviest" by Alex Sandler.
See: http://odtype.blogspot.com/2016/09/yatran-heaviest.html
112 * "Moskva 3 and 4 age lists as of 10-2016" by Alex Sandler.
See: http://odtype.blogspot.com/2016/10/moskva-3-and-4-age-lists-as-of-ix2016.html
113 * "Portable Typewriters Today - February 2015" by Will Davis.
See: http://davistypewriters.blogspot.com/2015/02/portable-typewriters-today-february-2015.html
114 * "The Early Bar-Lock" and "Bar-Lock Typewriters - Models 4 to 15" by Bert Kerschbaumer.
See: ETCetera #98 & #114
115 * "AMES Supply General Catalog #10 - March, 1960".
116 * "AMES Supply Parts Catalog #11P - Feb., 1965".
117 * "The Amazing Masspro Portable Typewriter: 'Grandson' of the Standard Folding" by Robert Messenger.
See: http://oztypewriter.blogspot.com/2013/10/the-amazing-maspro-portable-typewriter.html
118 * "Masspro Typewriter Page" by Greg Fudacz.
See: http://www.antikeychop.com/masspro-typewriter
119 * "Carl P. Dietz Collection of Typewriters", by George Herrl, 1965.
120 * "Royal Paint Touch-Up Color List", Rev. June, 1968.
121 * "Olympia SM series (part 1, 1948-1964)" by Nick T.
See: http://xoverit.blogspot.com/2015/02/olympia-sm-series-part-1-1948-1964.html
122 * "Olympia SM series (part 2, 1964-1980s)" by Nick T.
See: http://xoverit.blogspot.com/2015/04/olympia-sm-series-part-2-1964-1980s.html
123 * "AMES Supply General Catalog #5 - August, 1940".
124 * "1975 Smith-Corona Model Prefix Guide", Discovered by Jonathan Kinser from Smith-Corona research.
125 * "Evolution of the Typewriter", C. V. Oden, 1917.
126 * "1912-1923 The Origins and Evolution of the Typewriter" Various Authors.
127 * "The Swedish Densmore Typewriter" by Robert Messenger.
See: http://oztypewriter.blogspot.com/2015/03/the-swedish-densmore-typewriter.html
128 * "All or Nakajima" by Steve K.
See: https://writelephant.com/2017/06/17/all-or-nakajima
129 * Smith-Corona Series Estimates researched by Nick Bodemer, 2017
130 * Research by Peter Weil, and ephemera from The Cornelia and Peter Weil Typewriter Archives
131 * 1963 Hermes Baby Adjustment Manual B3, from the collection of T. Munk
132 * Underwood Age List, from the collection of Tony Casillo
See: http://www.typewritercollector.com/images/underwoodagelist.pdf
133 * 1966 & 1971 Hermes 3000 Adjustment Manuals G4,G6 & 1971, from the collection of Jacques Perrier, Museum of the Typewriter, Lausanne, Switzerland
See: https://www.perrier-sa.ch/musee/boutique/
134 * "Korean Typewriters" by Robert Messenger.
See: http://oztypewriter.blogspot.com/2012/01/korean-typewriters.html
135 * 1985 IBM Replacement Guide Form 71K6222, supplied by Clark Hinson from the collection of Roger Brockevelt
136 * "Blickensderfer’s last hurrah as a Remington" by Mark Adams.
See: https://type-writer.org/?p=4294
137 * Blickensderfer Research by Peter Weil, 2017
138 * Etcetera #106-107
139 * "Briefly Blick-Bar" by Robert Messenger.
See: http://oztypewriter.blogspot.com/2016/01/briefly-blick-bar.html
140 "Lexikon historischer Schreibmaschinen seit 1940" (Typewriter Lexikon since 1940) published 2008 by Leonhard Dingwerth.
141 * "Olivetti macchine per scrivere meccaniche" published 2013 by Carlo Torchio.
From the collection of Carl Hartmann via Mario Bellini
142 * "The ABC in Detail" by Will Davis and Thomas Fürtig.
See: http://davistypewriters.blogspot.com/search?q=abc+in+detail
143 * "The Real Story of the Brosette Typewriter and its successor the Jaykay Portable" by Michael A. Brown.
See: http://typexnews.com/links/Brosette.pdf
144 * "A Royal Safari at Eighteen Years on the Net" by Will Davis.
See: https://davistypewriters.blogspot.com/2018/03/a-royal-safari-at-eighteen-years-on-net.html
145 "The typewriter industry, The impact of a significant technological innovation" 1970 doctoral dissertation by George Nichols Engler, UCLA.
See: https://archive.org/details/TheTypewriterIndustry