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Smith-Corona: Typewriter Serial Number Age List

Also known as CoronaCorona-PiccolaEaton's (Smith-Corona)L.C. SmithPenncrest (SCM)SCMViking (Eaton's)

Serial Number Table Last Edited: 01/22/13 12:04
NOTE: dates shown are JAN 1 unless noted, so the serial number shown is the *first* serial number produced the given year. Exceptions are serial numbers preceded by "up to" or rows where a month is given in the month column. If the serial number is shown as a range (xxxx-xxxx) it indicates that we know the entire range of serial numbers for the given year.

L.C. Smith, Corona, Smith-Corona          
        The L.C. Smith & Bros. Typewriter Company was founded January, 1st, 1903  
        In 1914 the name of the Standard Typewriter Comp. was changed to Corona Typewriter Company  
        In 1924 L.C. Smith merged with the Corona Typewriter Company. The new Company was named L.C. Smith Bros. & Corona Typewriter Co. Inc., Syracuse  
           
Models and s/n Y M D Remarks Ref.
           
           
Standard manual          
           
L.C. Smith No. 1 with 10" carriage          
up to 1000 1905       4,13,15
2415 1906       13,15
4600 1907       13,15
6050 1908       13,15
7200 1909       13,15
8250 1910       13,15
9141 1911       13,15
           
           
L.C. Smith No. 2 with 10" carriage          
up to 4 1904     No mistake: No. 2 was introduced before No. 1 4,13,15
5000 1905     10" carriage, for the "continental" market 13,15
16800 1906       13,15
33000 1907       13,15
49000 1908       13,15
69000 1909       13,15
95750 1910       13,15
119689 1911       13,15
           
           
L.C. Smith No. 3 with 14" carriage          
up to 300 1907       4,13,15
1750 1908       13,15
3300 1909       13,15
5750 1910       13,15
8250 1911       13,15
11900 1912       13,15
16000 1913       13,15
19050 1914       13,15
up to 22360 1915       13
23925 1916       13
24700 1917       13
25441 1918       13
26500 1919       13
26635 1920       13
and up to 26400 1915       13
30250 1916       13
33450 1917       13
36141 1918       13
40400 1919       13
47750 1920       13
51500 1921       13
55950 1922       13
62311 1923       13
67311 1924       13
74200 1925       13
           
           
L.C. Smith No. 3 with 12" carriage          
up to 1300 1921       13
5150 1922       13
10528 1923       13
14880 1924       13
20681 1925       13
           
           
L.C. Smith No. 3 with 18" carriage          
up to 630 1925       13
           
           
           
L.C. Smith No. 4 with 10" carriage          
10150 1911       13,15
11450 1912       13,15
12850 1913       13,15
13800 1914       13,15
14650 1915       13
15275 1916       13
17125 1917       13
18199 1918       13
18600 1919       13
18825 1920       13
18870 1921       13
18890 1922       13
19130 1923       13
           
           
L.C. Smith No. 5 with 10" carriage          
up to 127300 1911       13,15
158750 1912       13,15
197500 1913       13,15
222000 1914       3,7,13,15
241450 1915       13
255700 1916       13
254000 1917       13
258753 1918       13
261900 1919       13
263150 1920       13
263357 1923       13
           
           
L.C. Smith No. 6 with 20" carriage          
up to 750 1915       13,15
1200 1916       13,15
2100 1917       13,15
3150 1918       13,15
4300 1919       13,15
5400 1920       13,15
           
           
L.C. Smith No. 6 with 20" and 26" carriage          
up to 6660 1915       13
7255 1916       13
7515 1917       13
7686 1918       13
7900 1919       13
7910 1920       13
7915 1922       13
7916 1923       13
and up to 7930 1915       13
10000 1916       13
11120 1917       13
12550 1918       13
14000 1919       13
16000 1920       13
17100 1921       13
18525 1922       1,13
20268 1923       13
22420 1924       13
24575 1925       13
           
           
L.C. Smith Standard and Silent No. 7 with 10" carriage          
up to 17242 1915       1,13
17243-17490 1916       1,13
17491-17750 1917       1,13
17751-18003 1918       1,13
18004-18500 1919       1,13
18501-19100 1920       1,13
19101-19500 1921       1,13
19501-20280 1922       1,13
20281-20799 1923       1,13
20800-21060 1924       1,13
21061-21582 1925-1926       1,13
21583-21854 1927       1,13,15
21855-22168 1928       1,13,15
22169-22629 1929       1,13,15
22630-22857 1930       1,13,15
22858-22952 1931       1,13,15
22953-22963 1932       1,13,15
22964-25011 1933       1,13,15
25012-25099 1934       1,13,15
25100-25138 1935       1,13,15
25139-25202 1936       1,13
          1,13
           
L.C. Smith No. 8 with 10" carriage          
up to 269700 1915     42 keys, 5 key decimal tabulator 4,13
290000 1916       13
317100 1917       13
334476 1918       13
357500 1919       13
390000 1920       13
416100 1921       13
443340 1922       13
485960 1923     Segment-switch downwards 13
521260 1924       13
560020 1925       13
           
           
L.C. Smith Standard and Silent No. 8 with all carriage sizes        
560621-661900 1926       1,13,15
661901-756420 1927     Set-tabulator 1,13,15
756421-861323 1928     Over 815000, closed casing 1,13,15
861324- 939548 1929       1,13,15
939549-999229 1930       1,13,15
999230-1036436 1931       1,13,15
1036437-1049999 1932       1,13,15
1050000-1087914 1933       1,13,15
1087915-1146469 1934       1,13,15
1146470-1209168 1935       1,13,15
1209169-1285375 1936       1,13,15
           
           
L.C. Smith Standard and Silent No. 9 with all carriage sizes          
Same serial numbers as No. 8, beginning with 980543         13
           
           
L.C. Smith New Silent with all carriage sizes          
Same serial numbers as No. 8, beginning with 1131000 1934 Sep 6   13
           
           
           
Corona Standard, Silent and Electric          
        All No. 1 Series Super-Speed L.C. Smiths designated as follows:  
        1A-Standard 1E-Carbon Ribbon Machine Standard
        1B-Silent 1F-Carbon Ribbon Machine Silent
        1C-92 Character Standard 1G-Elliott Stencil Machine
        1D-92 Character Silent 1H-Comb. Elliott Stencil Machine
        1J-92 Character Carbon Ribbon Machine Standard
           
           
up to 1397858 1937     Super-Speed Standard started 1330284, April 1, 1937 13,15
1457164 1938       13,15
1525092 1939     No. 1 Series Super-Speed Standard started 1510001, October 4, 1939 13,15
11616501 1940     No. 1 Series Super-Speed Silent started 1539915, February 27, 1940 13,15
1726786 1941       13,15
1788559 1942       13,15
1793283 1943       13,15
1850019 1944       13,15
1917387 1945       13,15
2002559 1946       13,15
2108698 1947       13,15
2193186 1948       13,15
2281855 1949       13,15
2358620 1950       13,15
3103000 1951     Model 6A 13,15
3200000 1952     Model 7A begins 25. Apr. 1952 with s/n 3133300 13,15
4025000 1953     Model 88A begins 18. Sep. 1953 with s/n 4000001 13,15
4098500 1954     Model 88 started at 4019932 15
4175000 1955       15
4256090 1956       15
4312070 1957       15
5113145 1958     Model 62 started at 5050000 15
5180350 1959       15
           
           
up to 2C 198000 1938       6,1
up to 2C 202000 1939     6,1
           
           
Electric          
           
No. 1          
        Electric Serial Numbers Concurrent with Standard - See There  
           
           
Model 88          
4019932 to 4025000 1953       6,1
4025001 to 4098500 1954       6,1
4098501 to 4175000 1955       6,1
           
           
Model 62          
5050000 to 5097100 1958       6,1
5097101 to 5170754 1959       6,1
5170755 to 5268 535 1960       6,1
5268536 to 5310072 1961       6,1
5310073 up 1962       6,1
           
           
Model 72          
5314336 to 5316494 1962       6,1
5316495 to 5512300 1963       6,1
5512301 up 1964       6,1
           
           
Model 75          
75/E 6151101 to 6159452 1964       6,1
75E/ 6159453 up 1965       6,1
           
           
Model 2E (Electric Standard)          
5038009 to 5151831 1958       6,1
           
           
3E Electric Standard          
3E 5007213 to 3E 5027438 1958       6,1
3E 5027439 to 3E 5097540 1959       6,1
3E 5097541 to 3E 5268042 1960       6,1
3E 5268043 to 3E 5268100 1961       6,1
3E 5268101 up 1962       6,1
           
           
Model 400 (4G)          
4E 6000520 to 4E 6024347 1962       6,1
4E 6024348 to 4E 6102630 1963       6,1
4E 6102631 to 4E 6114372 1964       6,1
4E 6114373 up 1965       6,1
           
           
Model 410          
4E 6132235 up 1965       6,1
           
           
         
5TE 132611 to 5TE 134755 1958       6,1
5TE 134756 to 5TE 134837 1959       6,1
5TE 134838 to 5TE 135353 1960       6,1
5TE 135354 to 5TE 186850 1961       6,1
5TE 186851 up 1962       6,1
           
           
         
5LE 101912 to 5LE 113134 1959       6,1
5LE 113135 to 5LE 122725 1960       6,1
5LE 122726 to 5LE 135353 1961       6,1
5LE 135354 up 1962       6,1
           
           
Model 200          
6LR 104460 1961       6
6LR 135157 1962       6
6LR 152269 up 1963       6
           
Model 250 (Mark I)          
6LRB 111001 1963       6
6LRB 121499 up 1964       6
X6LR 100350 to X6LR 114831 1965       6
6XVR 233229 to 6XVR 265415 1965     15in. 6
X6LR 114832 to X6LR 116907 1966       6
X6LR 100173 to X6LR 101223 1966       6
6XVR 265416 to 6XVR299816 1966     15in. 6
X6LR 100194 to X6LR 100292 1966     15in. 6
X6LR 121454 up 1967       6
X6RV 101234 up 1967       6
6XVR 299817 up 1967     15in. 6
X6LR 100293 up 1967     15in. 6
           
           
Model 250 (Mark II)          
X6LR 417000 1968       6
X6LR 452000 1969       6
X6LR 550000 up 1970       6
           
           
Model 300          
7EVB 2014718 1972       6
7EVB 2016846 1973       6
           
           
Secretarial 250          
6EVC 708563 1972       6
6EVC 766031 1973       6
           
           
Portables          
           
Corona No. 3, Special and Plus (Carriage Shift)          
up to 26299 1906-1912     6,1,8,15
starting with 26300 in 1913       1,6,8,13,15
38300-50499 1914     Corona Special and Plus.Weight (in case) 10 lb. Paper 9 3/4". Line 8 3/10". Dimensions (in case)length 12", width 10", height 4 1/2". 8,13,15
50500-72950 1915       8,13,15
72951-99999 1916       8,13,15
100000-138999 1917       8,13,15
139000-193999 1918       8,13,15
194000-274999 1919       8,13,15
275000-365999 1920       8,13,15
366000-436999 1921       8,13,15
437000-518199 1922       8,13,15
518200-585140 1923       8,13,15
585141-607151 1924       8,13,15
607152-609988 1925       8,13,15
609989-611988 1926       8,13,15
611989-613354 1927       8,13,15
613355-619198 1928       8,13,15
619199-641817 1929       8,13,15
641818-656286 1930       8,13,15
656287-660546 1931       8,13,15
660547-663163 1932       8,13,15
663164-667257 1933       8,13,15
667258-679229 1934       8,13,15
679230-687104 1935       8,13,15
687105-688370 1936       8,13,15
688371-692809 1937       8,13,15
692810-696309 1938       8,13,15
696310-700056 1939       8,13,15
700057-700091 1940       8,13,15
700092-700354 1941     this was the last s/n 8,13,15
           
           
Corona Four (Carriage Shift)          
E 615305 1924     1,4,6,13,15
H 615268 1925       1,6,13,15
6K 15244 1926     Rack escapement model s/n E200001-4K00000 1,6,13,15,11
6L 10825 1927       1,6,13,15
6M 10503 1928       1,6,13,15
6P 13063 1929     Wheel escapement model s/n 4K00001-2L00000 1,6,13,15,11
6A 07479 1930       1,6,13,15
4B 02992 1931       1,6,13,15
5B 01151 and 1C 00665 1932     In 1932 the Corona 4 were manufactured under two series (B and C) 1,6,13,15
1C 02162 and 1D 04515 1933     In 1933 the Corona 4 were manufactured under two series (C and D) 1,6,13,15
6E 00065 1934       1,6,13,15
3H 00305 1935       1,6,13,15
6K 00200 1936       1,6,13,15
6L 00400 1937       1,6,13,15
L6M 00200 1938       1,6,13,15
L5P 00500 1939       1,6,13,15
L3A 0100 1940       1,6,13,15
L3A 01035 1941       1,6,13,15
Last Letters AO and BO 1931-1932     Steel carriage model 2L 0001-2P 04000 6,1,11
Last Letters CO, DO and EO 1933-1934     Center vibrator model 2P 04000-6P 04855 6,1,11
Last Letters HO 1935     Seperate escapement rack model 6P 04855-1A 09549 6,1,11
Last Letters KO 1936     Double margin release model started with s/n 1A 09550 6,1,11
Last Letters LO 1937     "Professional" machines with tabulator: suffix "T" after s/n 6,1,11
Last Letters MO 1938       6,1,11
Last Letters PO 1939       6,1,11
"F" in s/n around 1948       11
           
           
         
up to J 5157 1932       13,15
           
           
Corona Four 4X Model (Carriage Shift)          
up to 4X 12495 1933       13,15
           
           
Corona Four Improved (Carriage Shift)          
1F 5075 1934       13,15
1F 10867 1935       13,15
           
           
         
up to 1J 2804 1934       13,15
1J 3606 1935       13,15
           
           
         
up to 1F 11204 J 1935       13,15
1F 15945 J 1936       13,15
1F 23067 J 1937       13,15
1F 28931 J 1938       13,15
1F 29005 J 1939       13,15
1F 29005 J 1940       13,15
           
           
         
up to 1F 23167 JS 1937       13,15
1F 28900 JS 1938       13,15
1F 29198 JS 1939       13,15
1F 31398 JS 1940       13,15
           
           
Corona Zephyr (Carriage Shift)          
up to 1Z 32816 1938       13,15
1Z 57584 1939       13,15
1Z 65400 1940       13,15
1Z 78926 1941       13,15
           
           
Corona Zephyr DeLuxe (Carriage Shift)          
up to 1Y 13301 1938       13,15
1Y 15443 1939       13,15
1Y 28725 1940       13,15
1Y 37351 1941       13,15
           
           
Smith Corona (Floating Shift)          
up to 1016200 1931       13
1034179 1932       13
1045631 1933       13
1052741 1934       13
           
           
Corona Standard (Floating Shift)          
           
1C-Series          
up to 1C 34770 1935       13,15
1C 90761 1936       13,15
1C 76123S 1936     Special Standard Model manufactured in 1936 only 13,15
1C 160323 1937       13,15
1C 161289 1938       13,15
1C 179765 1939       13,15
1C 183086 1940       13,15
1C 189773 1941       13,15
           
1CR-Series          
1CR 45017 1937       13
1CR 45317 1938       13
           
2C-Series          
2C 200284 1938       13,15
2C 223542 1939       13,15
2C 250439 1940       13,15
2C 251475 1941       13,15
           
3C-Series          
3C 242600 1940       13,15
3C 269927 1941       13,15
3C 282618 1942       13,15
3C 300600 1943       13,15
3C 318300 1944       13,15
3C 348593 1945       13,15
           
4C-Series          
4C 112627 1945       13,15
4C 142253 1946       13,15
4C 188264 1947       13,15
4C 241798 1948       13,15
           
           
Corona Silent (Floating Shift)          
           
up to 1S 12725 1934       15
1S 28677 1935       15
1S 41270 1936       15
1S 53123 1937       15
1S 53508 1938       15
2S 71813 1939       15
2S 79519 1939       6,15
2S 83687 1940       6,15
3S 90045 1940       6,15
2S 83999 1941       6,15
3S 98577 1941       6,15
3S 102148 1942       15
3S 102159 1944       15
4S 101500 1945       6,15
4S 119969 1946       15
4S 151433 1947       15
4S 195646 1948       15
4S 209057 1949       15
5S 141360 1949       6,15
5S 214253 1950       6,15
5S 292081 1951       6,15
5S 362057 1952       6,15
5S 453473 1953       6,15
5S 485250 1954       6,15
5S 502069 1955       6,15
5S 542779 1956       6,15
5S 553031 1957       6,15
5S 567535 1958       15
           
           
Corona Sterling (Floating Shift)          
           
up to 1013000 1932       6
1029001 1933       6
1040001-1104000 1934       6
           
1A-Series          
up to 1A 4794 1934       6,13,15
1A 12460 1935       6,13,15
1A 20249 1936       6,13,15
1A 29113 1937       6,13,15
1A 30560 1938       6,13,15
1A 34669 1939       6,13,15
1A 35570 1940       6,13,15
1A 36554 1941       6,13,15
           
1AR-Series          
1AR 14100 1938       6,13,15
           
2A-Series          
2A 50694 1938       6,13,15
2A 52335 1939       6,13,15
2A 72812 1940       6,15
2A 73257 1941       6,13,15
           
3A-Series          
3A 74288 1940       6,15
3A 97291 1941       6,13,15
3A 107499 1942       6,13,15
3A 107506 1945       6,13,15
           
4A-Series          
4A 106881 1945       6,13,15
4A 161854 1946       6,13,15
4A 227084 1947       6,13,15
4A 292044 1948       6,13,15
4A 307060 1949       6,13,15
           
5A-Series          
5A 146080 1949       6,13,15
5A 226840 1950       6,13,15
5A 310096 1951       6,13,15
5A 371576 1952       6,13,15
5A 450885 1953       6,13,15
5A 497902 1954       6,15
5A 546378 1955       6,15
5A 614751 1956       6,15
5A 666635 1957       6,15
5A 712305 1958       6,15
5A 750736 1959       6,15
           
           
Corona Clipper (Floating Shift)          
up to 4C 256693 1949       15
5C 122567 1949       15
5C 154678 1950       15
5C 182982 1951       15
5C 198643 1952       15
5C 224121 1953       15
5C 234600 1954       15
5C 263320 1955       15
5C 338427 1956       15
5C 392006 1957       15
5C 435001 1958       15
5C 481766 1959       15
5C 451077 1960       6,13,15
5C 484202 1961       6,13,15
5C 487265 up 1962       6
           
           
Skyriter (Floating Shift)          
           
2Y-Series          
up to 2Y 8550 1949       1,6,13,15
2Y 50571 1950       1,6,13,15
2Y 92427 1951       1,6,13,15
2Y 135042 1952       1,6,13,15
2Y 191002 1953       1,6,13,15
2Y 239329 1954       1,6,15
2Y 290373 1955       1,6,15
2Y 334611 1956       1,6,15
2Y 339862 1958       15
2Y 344262 1959       15
           
3Y-Series          
3Y 196810 1958       15
3Y 46382 1956       1,6,15
3Y 106810 1957       1,6,15
3Y 263126 1959       15
           
           
Standard Super (Floating Shift)          
up to 5T 104302 1953       6,15
5T 163771 1954       6,15
5T 244965 1955       6,15
5T 388642 1956       6,15
5T 564815 1957       6,15
5T 609850 1958       6
5T 610943 1959       6
5T 751217 1960       6
over 5T 751217 1961       6
           
           
Silent Super (Floating Shift)          
5T 700544 1958       15
5T 753023 1959       15
           
           
Silent Super 12" Carriage (Floating Shift)          
5LT 104367 1958       15
           
           
Galaxie (Floating Shift)          
6T 252071 1959       15
6T 270359 1960       6
6T 283285 1961       6
6T 348598 up 1962       6
           
           
Portable Electric (Floating Shift)          
Up to 5TE167372 1958       15,17
5TE167373 - 5TE198870 1959       15,17
5TE198871 - 5TE233813 1960       17
           
Electra 12" Carriage (Floating Shift)          
5LE131403 1959       15
           
           

Smith-Corona: Links to History

Smith-Corona: Links to Guides



Reference numbers

* Indicates source data the current list maintainer has access to. Usually it means we have a copy of the document in question, but it might be in the form of a later edition list. However, for the purposes of validation we have been able to confirm the source.

   
No. Literature
1 * Century of the Typewriter, Wilfred A. Beeching, publ. by the British Typewriter Museum, 1974, 1990, ISBN 0951679007
2 * Joan Sales,"Date your Underwood Typewriter" - Website : http://www.oocities.org/heartland/cottage/5405/serial.htm, reference to Richard Polt
(note: The source for this article was at least partially Ref. #18)
3 Allowance Sheet 1918, made available by Andrew B. Schrader
4 Ernst Martin, Die Schreibmaschine und ihre Entwicklungsgeschichte(The Typewriter and the history of it's developement), publ. by Johannes Meyer Verlag and Basten International, 1920 to 1949 and reprints
5 * Darryl Rehr, Antique typewriters, by Schroeder publishing, Los Angeles, 1997, ISBN 0891457577
see: http://home.earthlink.net/~dcrehr/book/book.html
6 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies contributed by Mr. Bruce Beard, Australia
(note: this reference same as #28)
7 * "Liste der Herstellungsdaten gangbarer Schreibmaschinen" Listing of the production dates of commen typewriters), publ. by Wochenschrift für Papier, Otto Hoffmann Verlag, 1941, Berlin, copies contributed by Mr. Paul Roberts, Netherlands
8 * Richard Polt, adapted from the book of Paul Lippman, American Typewriters: A Collector's Encyclopedia (1992) and corrected, based on a list publ. in ETCetera #4
see: http://www.aquaporin4.com/etcetera/ETC.04.pdf
9 "Fabriknummernverzeichnis" (Factory number Listing), booklet which could be purchased optionally with book reference No. 4, edition 1941, publ. by Johannes Meyer Verlag, Pappenheim 1941
10 "Fabrikationsdaten von Schreibmaschinen", listing of typewriter serial numbers for dealer's, 1942 and 1935, publ. by Carl Teege Verlag, Hamburg
11 Ames Supply General Catalog from 1949
12 Information contributed by Will Davis, see : http://www.hometown.aol.com/page3.html
13 * Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und auslaendischer Schreibmaschinen, 10 Auflage, 1955, publ. by Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg (small book, pre-owned by the Adler Werke vorm. Heinrich Kleyer, Frankfurt)
(note: this is an earlier edition of ref. #24)
14 Leonhard Dingwerth, Kleines Lexikon Historischer Schreibmaschinen (Small Lexicon of Historical Typewriters), publ. by Kunstgrafik Dingwerth, Eichendorffstr. 77, D-33415 Verl
15 * Office Typewriter Age List No. 26, publ. by Smith-Corona, by courtesy of Mr. Ron Fuller, Los Angeles, USA
(note: this reference same as #22)
16 * American Typewriters - A Collector's Encyclopedia by Paul Lippman, 1992, Hoboken
17 * National Office Machine Dealers Assoc. "Blue Book" (NOMDA), 1964, provided by Bill Wahl
18 * Remington Information Binder (The Sheridan Binder), 1950's to 1970's, provided by Richard Polt.
see: http://munk.org/typecast/2011/09/07/in-preparation-for-an-updated-typewriter-serial-number-database-royal-portables/
19 * Interview with P. Birchmeier, Aug. 2012, reported by Georg Sommeregger.
see: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/theportabletypewriterforum/message/31895
20 * National Office Machine Dealers Assoc. "Blue Book" (NOMDA), 1980, provided by Bill Wahl.
see: http://munk.org/typecast/2011/04/22/national-office-machine-dealer-association-1972-typewriter-age-guide/
21 * VOSS Schreibmaschinen, 2012, published by Georg Sommeregger. (HFW Schramm 11th ed. 1962)
see: http://typewriters.ch/collection/VOSS.html
22 * Smith-Corona Age List #26, 1960, provided by Bill M.
see: http://offountainpenstypewriters.blogspot.com/2012/02/typewriter-serial-numbers.html
and: http://offountainpenstypewriters.blogspot.com/2012/02/moretypewriter-serial-numbers.html
23 * Shipman-Ward Office Machine Dealer's Line Book, Jan 1, 1954, provided by Bill Wahl.
see: http://munk.org/typecast/2013/01/05/shipman-ward-dealers-line-book-1954%E2%80%93part-2-age-lists/
24 * H.F.W. Schramm, Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und ausländischer Schreibmaschinen, 11th edition, Hans Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg 1962 - provided by Georg Sommeregger
25 * P. Frensel, Die Entwicklung der ehemaligen DDR-Schreibmaschinen-Produktion (einschliesslich der bis 1945 produzierten Schreibmaschinen in diesem Gebiet sowie der Produktion ab 1990), in: Schreibmaschinen- und Bureau-Zeitung, Nr. 10/1999, Nr. 11/2000, Nr. 12/2000 (originally published in: Mannheimer Hefte für Schriftvergleich, Nr. 1-2/1999) - provided by Georg Sommeregger
"The development of the former GDR typewriter production (including typewriters produced on its territory until 1945 and production after 1990)"
26 * "The Writing Machine (A history of the typewriter)" Michael H. Adler
27 * "Antique Typewriters from Creed to QWERTY" Michael H. Adler
28 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. Dec 1973 by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies contributed by Mr. Peter Brill, Australia
(note: this reference same as #6)
29 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. Oct 1971 by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies: T. Munk with the assistance of Mr. Rob Bowker, UK
30 * Typewriter Age Guide, publ. Oct 1980 by Office Machines and Equipment Federation, London, copies: T. Munk with the assistance of Mr. Rob Bowker, UK
31 * The Business Machines and Equipment Digest, publ. 1927 by Equipment-Research Corporation, copy contributed by Mark Adams.
see: http://type-writer.org/?p=2850
32 * R. Blickensderfer and P. Robert, "The Five-Pound Secretary. An Illustrated History of the Blickensderfer Typewriter", publ. 2003 by The Virtual Typewriter Museum, excerpt contributed by Georg Sommeregger.
33 * Matricolario Olivetti, copy contributed by Enrico Morozzi.
34 * Olivetti Graphika Serial Number List, compiled by Domenico Scarzello.
See: http://www.typewriterstory.com/index.php/ol-graphica
35 * Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und auslandischer Schreibmaschinen - 1950. By Carl Teege, Published by Hans Burghagen Verlag. From the collection of Ryk van Dijk, scanned by Marlies Louwes.
36 * Liste der Herstellungsdaten deutscher und auslandischer Schreibmaschinen - 1953. Published by Hans Burghagen Verlag. From the collection of Ryk van Dijk, scanned by Marlies Louwes.
37 * National Typewriter and Office Machine Dealers Assoc. "Typewriter and Adding Machine Allowance Schedule" (NOMDA), February 1, 1941, provided by Richard Polt.
38 * Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict. Remington Standard typewriter. New York : Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict, [188-?], accessed from the Baker Library, Harvard Business School.
See: http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/view/2574435
39 * Documented Hammond Serial Numbers, V.4 Jan. 1, 2013, Compiled by Peter Weil.
40 * Blick Billheads With Serial Numbers, Compiled by Peter Weil.
41 * National Typewriter and Office Machine Dealer's Association (NOMDA) Typewriter and Adding Machine Allowance Schedule, February 1, 1941. From the Collection of Tony Casillo, contributed by Richard Polt.