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Royal: Model Galleries

1 1 T 10 440 470 5 550 560 890 990 Academy Administrator All-American Alpha 110 Alpha 2015 Alpha 600 Aristocrat Arrow Caravan Cavalier Century 2000 Citadel Companion Crescent Custom Custom III Dart De Luxe Diana Eldorado Emperor Empress Ensign Epoch Fiesta Forward I FP Futura 400 Futura 600 Futura 800 H Heritage HH Junior K Keystone KH KHM KMG KMM Medallion II Mercury MM O P Parade Quiet Quiet De Luxe Quiet Deluxe RE Royalite Royalite 120 Royaluxe Roytype ME25 Extra Sabre Safari Sahara Scrittore II Signet Signet Junior Signet Senior Speed King Sprite Swinger Tab-O-Matic Ultronic Varsity

Royal: Typewriter Serial Number Age List

Also known as • Royal (Triumph-Adler) • Sears (Royal) • Singer

Serial Number Table Last Edited: 05/14/17 01:09
NOTE: dates shown are JAN 1 unless noted, so the serial number shown is the *first* serial number produced the given year. Exceptions are serial numbers preceded by "up to"(where you can assume that the numbers reported in that subsection are DECEMBER 31, END OF YEAR NUMBERS) or rows where a month is given in the month column. If the serial number is shown as a range (xxxx-xxxx) it indicates that we know the entire range of serial numbers for the given year.

Royal Typewriter Co. Inc., New York, U.S.A. Company Founded 1904. 18
Platen Diameter Standards & Electrics 1.485" (37.72mm) except Model Superia: 1.751" (44.5mm)
Portables:
Models O,OT,P,RA,AG,A,B,C,CG,RF,F,RC,E,ES,J,JC,BJ,CD,U,D,UR,UB: 1.272" (32.31mm)
Models Royalite & Dart: 1.259" (32mm)
Models Royaluxe 300,325,350,400,425,450, Diana: 1.271" (32.3mm)
24
           
Models and s/n Y M D Remarks Ref.

Standard Manual

  Electrics (introduced 1950) serial numbers first run up to 16000, then in late 1951, begin running concurrent with Standard Manuals. Rebuilt Royals carry a "Y" prefix, with "SY" segment shift, "CSY" Chrome segment shift. Example: Y35-107833 is a 1935 rebuilt with Carriage Shift. 18
1 1906 Model No. 1 "Standard" started, priced at $65. Nos. 2, 3 and 4 were larger carriage versions of No. 1
Royal also offered to dealers the "Royal Grand", very similar in appearance (but not mechanically) to the later #10 model. The "Grand" had covered ribbon spools and was priced at $100. While there is evidence that the "Grand" was offered between 1906-07, for reasons currently unknown it was pulled from the market. Not many, if any, were sold to the public and fewer than 6 are known in collections today. Known serial numbers: #169, #206.
18
1000 1907   18
4000 1908   18
14000 1909   18
35000 1910 Model No. 5 started, Nos. 6, 7, 8 were larger carriage versions of No. 5 17,18
58000 1911   17
85000 1912   17
142000 1913 Model No. 10 started in late 1913 - series run: 173000 to 1663999. First variation (173000 to 212000) had two open rectangular holes in the side, surrounded by pinstriping. 17,123
175000 1914 Second variation: Double glass panels began at 212000 and ran until 745308. 17,18,123
205000 1915   17
234000 1916   17
279000 1917 Variable Line Spacer began at 282000 17,18
336000 1918   17
394000 1919   17
478000 1920   17
567000 1921 "QX" Prefix, first serial: 600000 17,18
641000 1922   17
678000 1923 Third variation: Single glass panel replaced double glass panels at serial 745309 and continues to 1663999. 17,123
760000 1924   17
848000 1925   17
940000 1926   17
1036000 1927   17
1134000 1928   17
1236000 1929   17
1348000 1930       17
1435000 1931     First segment shift at 1466500 17,18
1525000 1932     "S" Model is prior to "H" model 17,18
1554000 1933       17
1617000 1934     "H" and "KH" in 1664000 to 1850000 ("K" means Keyset) 17,18
1723000 1935 "KHM" series ran 1850000 to 2249999. Initals mean: K - Key Set, HM - H Model, DT - Keyset, KDTHM - H Model 5 key Keyset. 17,18,115
1847000 1936   17
2005000 1937   17
2178000 1938 "KHT" fall of 1938, ran series 2250000 to 2273522, "KMM" Magic Margin ran series 2273522 to 3849999. (REMINGTON Examined #2250058 in Oct '38) 17,18,115
2320000 1939   17
2494000 1940   17
2681000 1941   17
2901000 1942   17
3026000 1943     Production Halted: World War II 17
3026000 1944     Production Halted: World War II 17
3037000 1945       17
3094000 1946       17
3273000 1947       17
3550000 1948       17
3865000 1949 Model "KMG" Announced 2/10/49, ran series 3850000 to 4814999, first grey model.
KMG Model Paint Color: Gray Frieze.
17,18,115, 120
4100000 1950 Royal "RP" Electric introduced Jan 1950. Serial numbers of first Model "RP" Electrics ran in a special series 1000 to 16000 and then were sequenced to match regular Royal Standards in late 1951. 17,18,115
4360000 1951   17
4688000 1952 "HH" Model, standard 43-key keyboard ran series 4815000 to (?). Announced around 8/1/52. (HHP is Pica, HHE is Elite, HHS is 'other')
HH Model Paint Colors: Charcoal Grey smooth, Nile Green smooth, Horizon Blue smooth, Coral Rose, Gray Frieze, Royaltone Dark Gray wrinkle, Royaltone Light Gray wrinkle.
17,18,115, 116,120
4990000 1953   17
5248000 1954 Model "RE" Electric runs series 5375000 to (?)
RE Model Paint Colors: Royaltone or Pearl Dark Gray smooth, Royaltone or Pearl Light Gray smooth, Charcoal Gray smooth, Gray Frieze (same as RP), Royaltone Dark Gray wrinkle, Royaltone Light Gray wrinkle, Willow Green smooth, Nile Green Smooth, Royal Light Green smooth, Royal Dark Green smooth, Horizon Blue smooth, Sea Blue smooth, Royal Light Blue smooth, Royal Dark Blue smooth, Cameo Pink smooth (Petal Pink), Royal Light Coral smooth, Royal Dark Coral smooth, Royal Light Beige wrinkle, Royal Dark Beige wrinkle, Royal Light Beige smooth, Royal Dark Beige smooth, Brushed Aluminum, Sandstone smooth, Coral Rose.
17,115,120
5500000 1955   17
5787000 1956   17
6037000 1957 Model "FP" begins #6195809. (FPP is Pica, FPE is Elite, FPS is 'other')
FP Model Paint Colors: Royaltone or Pearl Dark Gray smooth, Royaltone or Pearl Light Gray smooth, Willow Green smooth, Sea Blue smooth, Cameo Pink smooth (Petal Pink), Brushed Aluminum, Sandstone smooth, Coral Rose.
17,28,120
6393000 1958   17
6650000 1959 Model "HE" Electric begins #6859000
HE Model Paint Colors: Royaltone or Pearl Light Gray smooth, Cameo Pink smooth (Petal Pink), Oyster White, Mist Green, Sapphire Blue, Electro Black, Princess Beige (special order).
17,116,120
6950000 1960   17
7100000 1961   17
7300000 1962 Model "101" begins #7471771
Model "MC" Empress begins #7325000. (MCP is Pica, MCE is Elite, MCS is 'other')
MC Model Paint Colors: Oyster White, Princess Beige (special order), Fawn Gray, Aztec Blue, Moss Light Green.
17,28,116, 120
7500000 1963   17
7775000 1964   20
8060000 1965   20
8290000 1966 Model "440" begins #8390000
440/550/660 Model Paint Colors: Oyster White, Fawn Gray, Aztec Blue, Desert Beige, Tahitian Beige, Arctic White, Tropic Blue, Persian Green, Matte Black, Elliot Mist Gray.
20,28,120
8590000 1967   20
8870000 1968   20
9192000 1969   20
9432000 1970   20
9694000 1971   20
           
Superia Standard       made by Orga A.G., Nuernberg, Germany, owned by Royal  
300000-303999 1950   13
304000-311999 1951   13
312000-313999 1952 Production ended 1953 13
           

Electric

  Royal Electric introduced Jan 1950. Serial numbers of first electrics ran in a special series up to 16000 and then were sequenced to match regular Royal Standards in late 1951.
Royal labeled other manufacturers electric portables as Royals, beginning with the Diana Electric in the 1950s and continuing into the 1970s with Silver Seiko portable electrics from Japan. (see below)
18
           

Portables

     
Royal Portable, Models: P, OT, O (no model name)
A, AG [1950-52], RA[1953-55 "Speed Control"], AB [1955-57 blue], AC [1955-57 charcoal], AR [1955-57 red], AG [1955-57 green], AD [1957 grey/blue], AE [1957 tan], AY [1955-57 yellow], AP [1955-57 pink], AW [1957-58 white] (Quiet DeLuxe)
B [1938-1941], RB [1956-1958], A1(?) [1965-1968] (Speed King, Aristocrat)
C, CG (Arrow)
CD, RF, F (Companion, Commander)
RC (Keystone)
2A (Futura 800)
2C (Futura 400)
SA (Safari)
CR (Caravan)
CU (Custom)
RX (Royaluxe)
SB (Sabre)
1 1926 'P' Model introduced. 17
6000 1927 Change made to feet at #31593, round rubber feet. 17,123
56500 1928   17
114500 1929   17
183800 1930 Shell change to add gull-wing ribbon covers at #188300, also feet changed to square rubber with metal insert frames. 17,123
260000 1931   17
308600 1932 'O' Model introduced. 17
324900 1933   17
354231 1934 Proto-De Luxe "A" Model with tabulator introduced. 17
409082 1935 Shell redesign for 'O' and 'A' Models.
De Luxe 'A' Model introduced starting with serial number 471,000 and featuring nickel-chromium plating and a longer line space lever.
'P' Model becomes Royal Junior.

The Model "A" = touch control, finger comfort keys, automatic paper lock, tabulator, paper guide, complete enclosure as dust protection, types a 9 inch line, comes in 9 or 10 or 12 pitch, all brightwork is chrome plated, and could be bought in black, maroon, or green (glossy paint). Case has chrome-plated dual locks and a weatherproof band around the joint. The "A" sold for $60.
The model "O" is similar but different in important ways = nickel plated bright work, no automatic paper lock, no tabulator, no paper guide, and only sold in shiny black enamel. The case has only one instead of two locks, and the one is nickel plated, not chrome plated. It sold for $49.50.
In addition, The Royal Junior also was offered in 1935. The Junior is basically a reskinned Model P. It was only sold in black enamel and only came with an intermediate Pica type. It sold for a classic Depression price of $33.50.
None of these 1935 portables had a brightwork plated band around the typebar cover, something that adds to the confusion over the differences between the 1935 A and the O.
- Peter Weil, re: 1935 Royal Dealer Catalog

17,7
493068 1936   17
602939 1937   17
724093 1938 Quiet 'A' Model begins, 'B' Model Speed King begins. 'O' and Junior Model discontinued. 17
807493 1939 De Luxe and Quiet 'A' Models become the Quiet De Luxe. 'B' Model Speed King becomes Aristocrat. 'C' Model Arrow Begins. 17
926862 1940 'CD' Model Companion begins. 17
995728 1941 Dec 7, 1941: US enters WWII, 'A', 'B' and 'CD' Models drastically scaled back on March 15th, 1942. 17
1107503 1942 In 1942 Royal produces mainly US Navy Radio Mill Arrow 'C' Models. Approx 56,000 portables made, likely mostly for military use, 1942 to 1943 17
1152000 1943   17,22
production halted 1944 All portable production halts. 17
production halted 1945 Production of civilian-market 'A' and 'C' Model portables re-starts mid/late 1945. 17
1164182 1946   17
1275456 1947   17
1473968 1948 Shell re-designed by Henry Dreyfuss, Squared shell, Grey and Black with oval crome inserts for front levers. Keytops change from round glass to 'tombstone' glass with chromed rims. 17
1741468 1949 Shell color reconfigured in the beginning months of 1949, shell now all-grey. Gold-plated Anniversary 'A' Models produced. 17
1940834 1950 Shell re-designed again near the end of 1950. Ribbon cover hole enlarged, chrome lever inserts now have "wings", Plastic keys begin, except on special-order and some foreign keyboards. 'C' Model Arrow Discontinued, Companion re-designed and re-launched as 'F' Model. 17
2137681 1951   17
2353369 1952 'F' Model Companion halted. 17
2563970 1953 "RA" serial prefix Quiet De Luxe introduces "Speed Control" motor tension control, similar to "Carriage Control" on Standard Model HH. This feature vanishes with the end of the RA prefix QDLs in 1956. 17
2787735 1954   17
2977900 1955 Non-crinkle brightly-colored paint scemes begin. Prefixes: AB [1955-57 blue], AC [1955-57 charcoal], AR [1955-57 red], AG [1955-57 green], AP [1955-57 pink], AY [1955-57 yellow]. 17
3177500 1956 'B' Model Aristocrat redesigned and re-launched. 'RS' Model Companion re-designed and re-launched.
"RA" prefix Quiet De Luxe ends and "Speed Control" is dropped as a feature. "T" prefix teal colored models appear in 1956. Unknown if they have special features other than a new red-background for the ribbon cover logo, a look which is continued until the end of the QDL in 1958.
17
3449287 1957 A new two-tone wrinkle paint scheme is added to the lineup along with a tan wrinkle and towards the end of 1957, the "AW" white that becomes the only model to make the cut in 1958. The "T" prefix of 1956 becomes the "AT" teal of 1957. Prefixes: AD [1957 grey/blue crinkle], AE [1957 tan crinkle], AT [1957 teal], AW [1957-58 white]. 17
3770781 1958 Quiet De Luxe 'A' Model becomes Futura 800 '2A' Model, Arrow 'C' Model becomes Futura 400 '2C' Model, although all are produced concurrently during 1958. 'B' Model Aristocrat halted, 'RS' Model Companion halted.
For the 'A' Model Quiet De Luxe, its final year of production was in a single prefix, introduced late in 1957. Prefix: AW [1958 white].
17
4053056 1959 "Quiet De Luxe" Discontinued. 17
4200000 1960 Approximation. 60
4500000 1961 Approximation. 60
4800000 1962 Approximation. 60
5200000 1963 Approximation. Futura 800 '2A' model becomes Safari 'SA' Model at #5,584,967. Caravan 'CR' Model introduced. 60,28
5584967 1964   6
5958589 1965 Aristocrat re-launched with 'A1(?)' Prefix. Custom 'CU' Model began. Caravan 'CR' Model discontinued(?). 6
6474796 1966   6
6910000 1967 Approximation. 60
7260000 1968 Approximation. Safari 'SA' Model becomes Sabre 'SB' model (made in Portugal). Aristocrat discontinued. U.S. portables production stops(?). Royal/Imperial/Litton begins relabeling of portables made overseas, Beginning with Silver-Seiko in Japan and later, an ABC based portable design manufactured by Messa in Portugal, the same factory producing the SA Sabre. 60
7590000 1969 Approximation.  
7870000 1970 Approximation.  
8110000 1971     Approximation.  
8350000 1972     Approximation.  
8570000 1973 Approximation.
Model Custom III prefix 'CB' introduced.
 
8970000 1974 Approximation.  
9030000 1975 Approximation.
SB9064581 sold Sept., 1975.
 
9070000 1976 Approximation.  
9110000 1977     Approximation.
SB9126804 sold June, 1977.
 
9160000 1978     Approximation.  
9190000 1979     Approximation.
Royal Sabre is offered by distributors, and first mention is made of new "low-end" Safari model coming in 1980 - this is the "Messa" ABC-pattern Safari in plastic shell.
 
9220000 1980     Approximation.
Sabre and Custom III offered by distributors along with new ABC-pattern Safari.
 
9245000 1981     Approximation.
Sabre is dropped from distributor list, and Custom IV introduced. ABC-pattern Safari continues.
 
9265000 1982     Approximation.  
9280000 1983     Approximation.  
9300000 1984     Approximation.
Custom IV dropped from distributor list, leaving only ABC-pattern Safari.
This appears to be the end of the line for the series.
60
-- 1985     ABC-Pattern Safari dropped from distributor list, replaced by "Royal Safari II", a Silver-Reed rebranding.  
           

Royal Sabre Portable Typewriter
Service Repair Adjustment and Maintenance Manual

Published 1971, 67 pages with illustrations.

Buy now
           
Royal Portable, Models: E (Signet) - ES (Signet Junior) - J, JC, BJ (Junior) - CD (Companion) - U (Mercury) - D, UR, UB (Varsity)
1000 1932 "E" Model Signet begins. 17
21500 1933   17
24369 1934 "J" Model Junior Begins. 17
33652 1935 Shell redesign model Junior. 17
45013 1936   17
52139 1937   17
66284 1938   17
85734 1939 "U" Model Mercury, "CD" Model Companion and "UB" Model Varsity begin. New shell design. 17
112573 1940   17
162970 1941   17
232332 1942 Production ends on March 15th, 1942, as the US enters WWII. 17
           
Diana Portable and Portable Electric, Royaluxe 300 and 325   made by Orga A.G., Nuernberg, Germany, owned by Royal  
10000-13364 1952   13
13365-22019 1953   6
22020-32143 1954   6
32144-37140 1955   6
37141-43335 1956   6
43336-64700 1957   6
64701-81474 1958   6
81475-104310 1959   6
104311-111500 1959   6
111501-128000 1960 Production ends around serial #128,000 24
           
Royalite, Dart and Royaluxe 400, 425 and 450, Parade, Signet
3000001 1955 Made for Royal by Halberg Machinefabriek N. V., Cuyk, Holland. Based on Halberg Traveller design. 24
3160000 1956   24
3385300 1957   24
3730500 1958   24
3952180 1959   24
4280765 1960   24
4544659 1961   6,24
4927715 1962   6
5292116 1963   6
5743811 1964   6
6098916 1965   6
6580453 1966   6
6800000 1967 Approximation. New shell design.  
7100000 1968 Approximation  
7400000 1969 Approximation  
           
Royal (Silver Seiko) Mustang, Apollo, Signet, Sprite, Swinger, Fleetwood, etc.
  1969-1974 Manufactured by Silver Seiko in Japan for Royal and Imperial. See: Royal (Silver Seiko).  
           
Royal (Messa) Safari, etc.
  1980-1984 Manufactured by Messa in Portugal for Royal and Imperial. Based on ABC portable design. See: Royal (Messa).  
           
Royal Epoch
  2013-2015 Manufactured by Shanghai Weilv Mechanism Company in China under Royal branding. Based on IMC Italian design. Sold mainly via catalog outlets. 113
           
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